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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Pariah Elite

Term introduced in The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, having been suggested by Roz Kaveney as shorthand for the common genre trope of a specially gifted but also distrusted, feared, and/or persecuted minority (as distinct from Secret Masters who influence the world but whose existence is generally unknown). The cadre that surrounds the Superman protagonist of Olaf Stapledon's Odd John: A Story Between Jest and Earnest (1935) comprises a pariah elite. The classic instance in American sf is A E van ...

Nocenti, Ann

(1957-    ) US author who began to publish work of genre interest with "A Shot of Damns and a Pack of Hells" for Words Without Pictures (anth 1990) edited by Steve Niles; her sf book is a Tie to the X-Men universe, X-Men: Prisoner X (1998). As Annie Nocenti she published a substantial interview with Edward Gorey (Spring 1998 Scenario) which is reprinted in his The Black Doll: A Silent Screenplay (2009 chap). [JC/DRL]

Cullum, Ridgwell

Pseudonym of UK traveller, rancher and author Sidney Groves Burkhard (1867-1943), mostly of Westerns from 1903. Of some sf interest are two novels: The Heart of Unaga (1920), which features a tribe of Native Americans who hibernate through the winter (see Suspended Animation); and The Vampire of N'Gobi (1936), a Lost Race tale set in central Asia featuring a She figure who literally sucks the blood of her victims (see Vampires). [JC]

Nakamura Tōru

(1960-    ) Japanese translator and editor, a graduate in Law from Chūō University, who drifted into sf Fandom while studying and during his subsequent employment at a printing firm. His first credited translation was The World Wreckers (1971; trans 1987) by Marion Zimmer Bradley, followed by novels from, among others, Stephen Baxter, Terry Bisson, Robert E Howard and Michael Moorcock. In 2005, a year which saw no less than three movie adaptations of H G Wells's ...

Smith, L Neil

(1946-2021) US author, ex-police reserve officer, gunsmith and former state candidate for the US Libertarian Party, who began publishing sf with "Grimm's Law" for Stellar 5 (anth 1980) edited by Judy-Lynn del Rey. He remains best known for the North American Confederacy sequence, set in a parallel universe (see Parallel Worlds) in which a libertarian version of America has become progressively decentralized ever since its foundation. The first segment of the overall series comprises five comedy ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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