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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Tolkien, J R R

(1892-1973) South-African-born philologist and author, in UK from 1893, who specialized in early forms of English; his academic career was crowned by his appointment as Merton Professor of English at Oxford University in 1945, a post he held until his retirement in 1959. He specialized as a scholar in early forms of English – his early publications include A Middle English Vocabulary (1922) and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (trans 1925) with E V Gordon, and the manuscript of his Beowulf ...

Williams, Henry Livingston

(1842-?   ) US playwright, translator and author, of sf interest for two examples of the Dime-Novel SF Edisonade, in the Tom Edison, Jr sequence usually written by Philip Reade: Tom Edison Jr's Air-Ship in Australia; Or, in Search of a Golden Treasure (1892 chap), which features Edison and his submersible Airship in adventures involving stolen gold; and Tom Edison's Electric Eagle; Or, in Search of a Mountain of Gold (1892 chap), in which, in a different ship, he discovers a Lost ...

City of Heroes

Videogame (2004). Cryptic Studios (CS). Platforms: Win (2004); Mac (2009). / City of Heroes was a Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game, set in a "four colour" Superhero world similar to that of classic Comic books from DC Comics and Marvel Comics, where virtuous Heroes were forever rescuing helpless citizens from the machinations of evil masterminds. The game design concentrated on the superpowered battles and archetypal paragons of its source materials rather than on their ...

Finlay, Adrianne

(?   -    ) US academic and author of two Young Adult novels of sf interest. Your One & Only (2018), set in a distant Near Future, follows the solitary life of the sole human being left after the whole of Homo sapiens has died off in a vast Pandemic (see End of the World); only Clones survive, but one female clone falls in love with the protagonist. Cut Off (2020), set much closer to the present, features a survival Television show called CUT/OFF whose ...

Mace, Elisabeth

(1933-    ) UK author of Young Adult novels, of which several are of sf interest. The Leven sequence – comprising Ransome Revisited (1975; vt Out There 1975) and The Ruston Inheritance (1978) – is set in a depopulated Ruined-Earth UK, initially in an isolated dictatorial enclave in the UK, from which the young protagonists escape; the second volume, set in the same world, begins a process of recovery of the past. The Freedom Cage (1980) follows its protagonist ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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