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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Bailey, Thomas

Pseudonym of US author Edward Bellamy Partridge (1877-1960), who wrote Country Lawyer (1939) under his full name, also publishing work as Bellamy Partridge and Bailey. In his Lost Race novel, Long Night (1935), a young woman, lost in the Arctic, is taken by the Inuit chief who rescues her to a mysterious Island where she finds a Viking still alive. The Viking and the Inuit fight over her. [JC]

Cline, Ernest

(1972-    ) US screenwriter and author whose Ready Player sequence, beginning with Ready Player One (2011), is set in a Near Future 2044 where Climate Change and other degradations have made the external world profoundly unpleasant. In this context, the creation of a total-immersion Cyberspace-styled Virtual Reality known as the Oasis – its late inventor and exploiter, James Halliday, has some characteristics in common with Steve Jobs (1955-2011) in real life, and ...

Daft Punk

French electronic music duo, formed of Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo (1974-    ) and Thomas Bangalter (1975-    ), who conceal their identities by dressing as Robots for public appearances. Robotic and Machine imagery dominates their output and is reflected in song titles such as "Aerodynamic", "Digital Love", "Short Circuit", "Robot Rock" and "Technologic". Heavily processed, robotic vocals are also a signature. / They first came to prominence with ...

Arch, E L

The pseudonym (an anagram of her first name) under which Rachel Ruth Cosgrove Payes (1922-1998), originally a research biologist, published her sf; though her first novel, a contribution to the Oz world, Hidden Valley of Oz (1951), appeared as by Rachel R Cosgrove (see Sequels by Other Hands), and her last, The Wicked Witch of Oz (1993) as by Rachel Cosgrove Payes; as well, in her later years she wrote short fiction as Rachel C Payes. Her sf, from Bridge to Yesterday (1963) onwards, constituted ...

Jaeger, Muriel

(1892-1969) UK author who took an English degree at Oxford and was a member there of a group of women writers, including Dorothy L Sayers (1893-1957), which called itself the Mutual Admiration Society. Her first sf work, The Question Mark (1926), depicts a Utopian UK of 200 years hence (as witnessed by the protagonist, who has been roused from a cataleptic trance; see Sleeper Awakes) and shows strongly the influences of William Morris, Edward Bellamy and H G Wells, though she deliberately ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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