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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Climate Change

Owing to the increasing scientific consensus that our energy-intensive technological civilization is measurably and in all likelihood irreversibly affecting Earth's climate, consideration of climate change has become virtually inevitable in serious Near Future sf of the twenty-first century. Fiction centred on climate change is occasionally referred to as Cli-Fi, a term less usefully applied to sf – where climate change has underwritten or been the explicit focus of many texts for many ...

Hayward, William Stephens

(1835-1870) UK author, responsible for many adventure novels published in book form between 1863 and 1886, whose sf novel, The Cloud King, or Up in the Air and Down in the Sea (February-August 1863 The Boys' Journal as "The Cloud King; or, The Adventures of Charley Skyflier"; 1865), features a Balloon trip to an African Lost World in which low Gravity seems to help keep the natives from ageing, and which has Underground facilities, including access to the centre of the earth. Jess Nevins ...

Detre, Professor L

(1874-1939) Probably the German/Hungarian medical scientist and author, possibly born Ladislaus Deutsch, who coined the term antigen; he is less likely to be the Hungarian astronomer, Laszlo Detre (1906-1974), who seems to have had no connection with Germany. Detre's sf novel, Két Világ Harca: Fantasztikus Regény (1935; trans as Kampf Zweier Welten 1935; trans from German as War of Two Worlds 1936), describes an alliance of ants and termites – who have gained by the ...

Gottesman, S D

Pseudonym used on magazine stories by C M Kornbluth 1940-1942: nine times solo, beginning with "King Cole of Pluto" (May 1940 Super Science Stories); six times with Frederik Pohl, beginning with "Before the Universe" (July 1940 Super Science Stories), first in the three-story Clair and Gaynor sequence; and one with both Pohl and Robert A W Lowndes for "The Extrapolated Dimwit" (October 1942 Future), also a Clair and Gaynor tale. Kornbluth also used the byline for a 1957 poem in F&SF. ...

Thomson, Arthur

(1927-1990) UK illustrator, principally for Fanzines, involved in Fandom since 1954; he signed most of his work "Atom". He was the staff artist for Hyphen from issue #12 (December 1954), drawing elaborate cartoons directly on to the duplicator stencils (some of these Hyphen covers are still regarded as classics of fan Humour), and appeared in a wide variety of other UK and US fanzines. Besides his own Retribution (17 issues January 1956-July 1961) with John Berry, these venues included Algol, ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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