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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 May 2022
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Seaforth, A Nelson

Pseudonym of UK soldier, colonial administrator and author George Sydenham Clarke (1848-1933), who was appointed first Baron Sydenham of Combe in 1913, and whose ongoing interest in military matters inspired many articles (under his own name) on submarine warfare, the coining (as he claimed) of the term "imperial defense", and a Future-War novel, The Last Great Naval War (1891) as by A Nelson Seaforth, in which France and the UK become involved at sea. In later life, disgruntled by early ...

Whiteside, Thomas

(1918-1997) UK-born journalist and author, in USA most of his life; most of his work, like The Tunnel Under the Channel (1972), is nonfiction. Much of this is focused on Ecological issues, as in Defoliation: What Are Our Herbicides Doing to Us? (1970). He is of sf interest for the Near Future novel Alone Through the Dark Sea (1964), in which three narratives interweave, each based on isolation: a sea captain whose ship is sinking; the inhabitants of a virtually unknown Island; and the pilot of ...

Videogame

Historically, games intended for use on personal computers, mainframes and minicomputers were often referred to as computer games, while their equivalents on home consoles and coin operated arcade cabinets have from their first appearance in the early 1970s been known as TV games or video games. This distinction, however, became increasingly blurred after the mid 1990s, as the same games were made available on both personal computers and consoles. Since the alternative designations occasionally ...

Galton, Francis

(1822-1911) UK geneticist, eugenicist and author, grandson of Erasmus Darwin, and a speculative thinker from his early years: The Telotype; a Printing Electric Telegraph (1849 chap [dated 1850]) describes the use of typewriters (not yet invented) to convey messages electrically over long distances. He is of course most important in sf terms for coining the word Eugenics, which he defined as "the science of improving stock" in his Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development (1883). He was ...

Stead, W T

(1849-1912) UK editor (from 1871) and author; brother of F Herbert Stead. He edited Borderland, a journal dealing with psychic phenomena, during 1893-1897, and founded and edited The Review of Reviews in 1890. His contribution to The Rajah's Sapphire (1896) uncredited with M P Shiel may not extend further than supplying the plot to Shiel. He is perhaps most notorious for an article, "Maiden Tribute to Modern Babylon" (9 July 1885 The Pall Mall Gazette), which, perhaps pruriently, details the ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...



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