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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Military SF

War and especially Future War are enduring sf themes. The melodramatic excesses of Space-Opera warfare faded with the pulps, although they were never to die out entirely. Complementing such extravagance, there grew up a more disciplined and more realistic notion of the kind of armies which might fight interplanetary and interstellar wars, and the kinds of Weapons they might use. / In this context a new tradition of militaristic sf grew up in the 1950s and 1960s. Precursors of this subgenre ...

Ray, Robert

(1928-    ) Hungarian-born author, who may have changed or modified his name after coming to the UK in 1957. He began publishing sf with "The Craving for Blackness" in New Worlds for September 1962, set in a world where only women can go into space. His sf novels, bleak but otherwise unexceptional, are No Stars for Us (1964), The Seedy (1969) – whose titular protagonist is a fertile exception to near-universal sterility caused by a planetary Disaster, in this case ...

Frau im Mond, Die

Film (1929; vt By Rocket to the Moon; vt The Girl in the Moon; vt The Woman in the Moon). UFA. Directed by Fritz Lang. Written by Lang, Thea von Harbou, based on Frau im Mond (1928; trans as The Girl in the Moon 1930; cut vt The Rocket to the Moon 1930) by von Harbou. Cast includes Willy Fritsch, Gerda Maurus, Klaus Pohl, Fritz Rasp and Gustav von Wangenheim. 156 minutes, cut to 107 minutes, cut to 97 minutes. Black and white. / After the success of Metropolis, Fritz Lang's next sf film was ...

Shaw, W J

(?   -?   ) US author of a Hollow Earth tale, Under the Auroras: A Marvellous Tale of the Interior World by an American Author, Playwright, and Journalist (1888; vt Cresten, Queen of the Toitus; Or, Under the Auroras 1892 as W J Shaw). Within the double narrative frame – the real protagonist, Amos Jackson, tells an unnamed interlocutor the story of his adventures – a Symmesian inner world (see John Cleves Symmes) is described, accessed through the North ...

12:01 PM

1. Short US film (1991). Chanticleer Films. Directed by Jonathan Heap. Written by Heap and Stephen Tolkin, based on the story "12:01 PM" (December 1973 F&SF) by Richard A Lupoff. Cast includes Jane Alden, Don Amendolia and Kurtwood Smith. 25 minutes. Colour. / A brief Time Loop film in which Myron Castleman (Smith) finds himself constantly reliving the same 59 minutes of his life. His attempts to find an explanation for his predicament are frustrated by the regular resetting of Time and ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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