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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 10 January 2022
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Film (2006). Sony Pictures Entertainment presents a Madhouse Production. Directed by Satoshi Kon. Written by Satoshi Kon and Seishi Minakami, based on the novel Paprika (1993) by Yasutaka Tsutsui. Cast (voice only) includes Tōru Emori, Tōru Furuya, Megumi Hayashibara, Katsunosuke Hori, Akio Ōtsuka, Daisuke Sakaguchi and Kōichi Yamadera. Music by Susumu Hirasawa. 90 minutes. Colour. / Influential Anime director Kon's final feature film concerns the attempts of research ...

Sector General [series]

James White's long-running Series of Sector General stories, centred on the vast, multispecies Space Habitat whose full name is Sector Twelve General Hospital, are popular and likeable examples of Medicine-based sf. The sequence began with Hospital Station (stories November 1957-June 1960 New Worlds; coll of linked stories 1962) and continued until White's death in 1999 (see his entry for further discussion). Continuing themes are the hatefulness of War and the smoothing-over of First Contact ...


The idea of "mutation" as a concept for use in understanding biological Evolution was popularized by Hugo de Vries (1848-1935) in Die Mutationstheorie (1901-1903); he related it to gross hereditary variations – the freakish "sports" which occasionally turn up in animal populations. Such sports are usually short-lived and sterile, and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) had rejected the notion that they might play a key part; the concept of mutation as an evolutionary factor was eventually modified ...

Hot Gossip

Also known as "Sarah Brightman and Hot Gossip". A UK dance troupe, choreographed by Arlene Phillips (1943-    ), who appeared on a number of 1970s British television shows. Their 1978 hit single "I Lost My Heart to a Starship Trooper", with Sarah Brightman (1960-    ) on lead vocals, was released to cash in on the success of Star Wars (1977). It is a catchy though nonsensical piece of space-disco. [AR]

Ségur, Nicolas

Pseudonym of Greek journalist and author Nikólaos Episkopópoulos (1874-1944), in France from 1902, having already published in various Greek journals in the 1890s under his own name; his French publications were always as by Ségur. Long association with Anatole France resulted in several nonfiction studies and memoirs [not listed below]. Two of his works of sf interest, both of them reflecting a sense of the Decadence of the West after World War One, have been assembled as ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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