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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Garriott, Richard

(1961-    ) US Game designer, inducted into the Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame in 2006. Garriott began working on Sword and Sorcery Videogames much influenced by the fantasy Role Playing Game Dungeons and Dragons (1974 Tactical Studies Rules) designed by Gary Gygax, Dave Arneson while attending high school. The first to be sold commercially was Akalabeth: World of Doom (1979) (see Computer Role Playing Games), a forerunner to the long-running series of ...

Yasugi Masayoshi

(1972-2021) Japanese author whose work was suffused with a gentle melancholy and a concentration on damaged people – a group of which he may have tragically considered himself to be a member. Graduating from the Law and Economics Department of Kyūshū International University, he worked part-time in publishing while writing the early fictions that made his name. He was also the editor of SF Prologue Wave, an online magazine run by volunteer members of the Science Fiction and ...

Galactic Lens

This term, from Astronomy, makes frequent appearance in sf. It refers to the fact that our Galaxy is (like many others) approximately lens-shaped – it is a disc containing spiral arms, but like a lens it has a central bulge. Our own position in the Galaxy is quite a long way from the core; when we look towards the centre of the "lens", the direction in which the stars are clustered most thickly, we see the so-called Milky Way. Towards the outer rim of the "lens", stars are comparatively ...

Ayrton, Michael

UK journalist, broadcaster, sculptor, painter and author born Michael Ayrton Gould (1921-1975), using his father's surname until adolescence, when he took the surname of his mother the politician Barbara Ayrton (1886-1950), also recognizing in this fashion his grandmother the engineer and mathematician Hertha Ayrton (1854-1923); married to Elisabeth Ayrton from 1952 until his death. He was much respected as an illustrator and stage designer; through much of this work recurred images of the ...

Abrashkin, Raymond

(1911-1960) US film director, screenwriter, and author. His best-known film was The Little Fugitive (1953). For his collaborative work on the Danny Dunn series of sf juveniles (see Children's SF), see his co-author Jay Williams. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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