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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Butor, Michel

(1926-2016) French critic and author, principally known as a leading exponent of the nouveau roman. Butor was one of the first mainstream and academic critics to consider sf seriously according to the same standards as general literature. He published an invigorating analysis of Jules Verne as early as 1949, and examined the dilemmas and future potential of the field in his penetrating study, "La crise de croissance de la SF" (1953); this was first translated by Richard Howard as "Science ...

Hamid, Mohsin

(1971-    ) Pakistani-born author, mainly in US and UK from early childhood, though more recently in Pakistan. He began to publish work of genre interest with "Of Windows and Doors" (14 November 2016 The New Yorker), an excerpt (released well before the book's publication) from his first novel of sf relevance, Exit West (2017), which is set in an unspecified City in an unspecified Near Future (see Mainstream Writers of SF), though the narrative is in fact intensely conveyed ...

Salisbury, H B

(?   -?   ) US author of a Utopia, Miss Worden's Hero; Or, the Birth of Freedom (November 1890-April 1891 The Nationalist; 1890; vt The Birth of Freedom: A Socialist Novel 1894), where a great cataclysm makes possible in America the rational establishment of an ideal society on socialist lines. [JC]

Melchiorri, Anthony J

(?   -    ) US biomedical engineer and author, often in collaboration with Nicholas Sanbury Smith, whose entry see for the joint Extinction Cycle: Dark Age sequence beginning with Extinction Shadow (2019). His other work is all solo. His first novel, which is like most of his work focused on heavily foregrounded action responses to planetary crises, is The God Organ (2014). His first series, Black Market DNA sequence beginning with Enhancement (2014), focuses ...

Smith, Phil

(?   -    ) UK illustrator and author; of his three sf novels, The Incredible Melting Man (1978) is a Tie to The Incredible Melting Man (1978); The Resurrection Machine (1978) and The Saxonbury Printout (1979) both play with cosmic themes: resurrection and time-space confusions. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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