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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Glyn Jones, Richard

(1946-    ) British illustrator, publisher, and anthologist; Americans often assume incorrectly that Glyn is his middle name and Jones his last name. He graduated from Sheffield University and went on to postgraduate work in experimental psychology. With no formal art training, he began his illustrating career with underground Comic strips before becoming, along with Mal Dean, the most important artist for New Worlds under the editorship of Michael Moorcock. He was designer ...

Alexander, Patrick

(1926-1997) UK author of crime novels; of these Show Me a Hero (1979) – a Near Future thriller set in a Dystopian UK governed (as was common in 1970s novels of this description) by a left-wing dictatorship – is of some sf interest. [JC]


A full entry for sf in Armenia must await a contributor fluent in its language and able to report from the inside on the development of the genre there, and on untranslated works. Relevant authors given entries in this encyclopedia are Michael Arlen, of Bulgarian-Armenian origin; the Turkish-Armenia-born US Gregory Casparian; Mariam Petrosyan; and G Gurdjieff. One of Jonathan Swift's many imitators was the Venetian-Armenian Zaccaria Seriman (1708-1784): see Italy. / The country's ...

Chivers, Greg

(?   -    ) UK Television producer and author, active in the making of documentary programmes from around 2005. His first novel, The Crying Machine (2019), is set in a moderately distant Near Future Jerusalem, some time after World War Three has been succeeded by a further planetary conflict. Europe and America, in terms reminiscent of Cyberpunk visions of commandeered futures, are governed by AIs; Jerusalem is more primitive. The historical "Antikythera ...

Virtual Reality

Since the mid-1980s, a popular item of sf Terminology, and for a century or so – in a rather more extended sense – a popular sf theme. In ordinary usage a virtual reality is a computer-generated scenario which seems real (or at least all-encompassing) to the person who "enters" it; one essential quality of virtual reality is that the person who enters it should be able to interact with it. To a degree all Videogames, as habitual players well know, have long offered a primitive form ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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