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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Lewis, Charles Bertrand

(1842-1924) US journalist and author whose career under his own name began before the American Civil War, and who also published as by M Quad, using this name mainly for his humorous work (most notably the Mr Bowser series) and adventure fiction. In Under Five Lakes; Or, the Cruise of the "Destroyer" (1886) as by M Quad a Lost World is discovered in a series of subterranean caverns under the Great Lakes (see Under the Sea) during the American Civil War. [JC]

Cash, Steve

(1946-2019) US country rock musician – he was lead singer for the Ozark Mountain Daredevils from its founding in 1972 – and author of The Meq sequence of sf novels, beginning with The Meq (dated 2003 but 2002), which describe, in fantasy-tinged diction, the lives of a kind of Pariah Elite which has hidden itself since time immemorial in the Basque lands of northern Spain. Meqs remain pre-adolescent until (at sight) they recognize their soul mate, enjoying to that point a kind of ...


Alleged early sf magazine in Sweden, described as follows by Sam J Lundwall in the Scandinavia entry in the second edition of this encyclopedia: "There was an early attempt at a Swedish sf magazine, Stella – four irregular issues April 1886-August 1888, with short stories by [...] foreign authors and a scattering of anonymous material that may have been by local hands – but it was much before its time and vanished without trace." This claim was never independently confirmed and is ...

Maitland, Edward

(1824-1897) UK author and Theosophist (see Theosophy) whose speculative Utopia By and By: An Historical Romance of the Future (1873 3vols), set several hundred years in the future in Africa, takes an unusually optimistic view of the likely effects of Technology (irrigating the Sahara), is much interested in social theory, imagines several varieties of marriage and foresees a somewhat limited emancipation of women (see Women in SF). This didactic book is the third of an extremely loose trilogy; ...

Roussel, Raymond

(1877-1933) French author whose works take their experimental origins from (and contribute to) French Modernism before World War One and have been (against his own sense of his position) associated with 1920s Surrealism; he may more interestingly be thought of as a bridge between fin de siècle experimentalism and post-World War Two phenomena like Oulipo and the nouveau roman (see Alan Robbe-Grillet). Impressions d'Afrique (1910; trans Rayner Heppenstall and Lindy Foord as Impressions of ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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