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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Archer, William

(1856-1924) Scottish critic, translator and dramatist, an important reformer of the near-moribund English theatre through his translations of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), through his critical essays assembled in Masks or Faces? (coll 1888) and elsewhere, and through his alliance with George Bernard Shaw. He is of minor sf interest for a late play, The Green Goddess: A Play in Four Acts (performed Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1920; 1921), a Lost Race melodrama set in a Shangri-La-like enclave in ...

Gillette, King Camp

(1855-1932) US salesman and industrialist who partially invented and wholly made practicable the disposal safety razor, founding the company that now bears his name in 1901; his works as an author, sometimes as by King C Gillette, were universally focused on Utopian solutions to the dilemmas he saw infecting the rapidly expanding capitalist world, beginning with The Human Drift (1894), which advocates a socialist, pollution-free, non-competition-based America, whose 60,000,000 inhabitants are ...

Adams, Eustace L

(1891-1963) US editor and author who was in the American Ambulance Service and the U S Naval Service during World War One. In the 1930s he was a prolific contributor of aviation-linked tales to journals like Argosy. Most of his titles are tales for boys, the best-known of these being the Andy Lane series of Airplane Boys adventures, beginning with Fifteen Days in the Air (1928), in which his father's Invention of a new carburettor allows flights of unprecedented duration. In Over the Polar Ice ...

Green, Robert

(?1935-    ) Canadian author and musician whose The Great Leap Backward (1968) depicts a future where Computers have taken over the cities, leaving the countryside in a natural state. [JC]

Howard, Robert E

(1906-1936) US author, along with H P Lovecraft the central fashioner of generic American fantastic fiction before 1940, excluding sf: in Howard's case, Sword and Sorcery, and in Lovecraft's case supernatural horror as such (but also Horror in SF). Howard's few contributions to Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos do not bring out the sf elements, and he did not himself write any full-scale sf – although Almuric (May-August 1939 Weird Tales; 1964) is a Planetary Romance in the manner of Edgar Rice ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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