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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Cyborg [game]

Videogame (1981). Sentient Software. Designed by Michael Berlyn. Platforms: AppleII (1981); Atari8, C64 (1982). / While Cyborg was not the first science-fictional text Adventure, it may be the first such work of any lasting interest. As in Algis Budrys' rather more sophisticated novel Who? (April 1955 Fantastic Universe; exp 1958), the central character is a prosthetically augmented human of uncertain Identity, in this case an astronaut who is suffering from Amnesia and is thus ignorant of ...

McLoughlin, John C

(1949-    ) US author whose first novel, The Helix and the Sword (1983), is set partly in a Ruined Earth venue five millennia hence, where Mutant beasts have filled the niches abandoned by the remaining humans, who live in Space Habitats restricted to the solar system; when Earth is found to be once again inhabitable, an Adam and Eve coupling of humans on the surface points to recovery. McLoughlin's second novel, Toolmaker Koan (1987), sets up a renewed Cold War tussle ...

Attebery, Brian

(1951-    ) US academic and author best known for his work in the analysis of fantasy as a genre [see Checklist below]; for this work in particular he was given an IAFA Award for Distinguished Scholarship in 1991, though the 2009 Pilgrim Award was given him for his work in general. He served as co-editor with Ursula K Le Guin, and with Karen Joy Fowler as consultant, on The Norton Book of Science Fiction: North American Science Fiction, 1960-1990 (anth 1993), for which he ...

Wilson, Robert Hendrie

(1944-    ) Scottish journalist, travel writer and author of four Genre SF tales for Robert Hale Limited, beginning with The Gods Alone (1975). [JC]

Fox, Gardner F

(1911-1986) US lawyer and author, who began writing in 1937 for DC Comics, including Superman. Arguably his most important work was for Comics: though it is claimed that he published at least 160 books under various names – not all are given here – this total pales beside his 4000 or more comic-book stories, also under a variety of names. He created The Flash as well as the first Superhero team, the Justice Society of America, in 1940; in the 1960s he was one of those responsible ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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