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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Cummings, M A

(1914-1999) US author of romances as Monette Cummings, and of short stories in various genres, her work of genre interest beginning with "The Brides of Ool" in Planet Stories in 1955. Her collection is Exile and Other Tales of Fantasy (coll 1968), which contains some Planetary Romances. [JC]

Russell, Ken

(1927-2011) UK film and television director, of greatest sf interest in this area for Altered States (1980), which see. His Gothic (1986) features the famous gathering at the Villa Diodati that included Lord Byron, John Polidori and Mary Shelley. The Lair of the White Worm (1988) is loosely based on Bram Stoker's supernatural fantasy of the same title, and The Fall of the Louse of Usher: A Gothic Tale for the 21st Century (2002) is horror with some supernatural elements, based on stories by ...

Smith, Clint

(?   -    ) US technical writer and author of Infusion (2004), a tale combining aspects of Space Opera – two Consortium planets band together to send an expedition to Earth to plunder it of its "dattan", a resource needed back home – and Ecological fiction: the approaching crisis is seen through from the perspective of a galactic team whose task it is to prevent the environmental degradation of planets containing sentient life. Smith should not be ...

Thomas, Chauncey

(1822-1898) US author of a technocratic Utopia, The Crystal Button; Or Adventures of Paul Prognosis in the Forty-Ninth Century (1891); the text was apparently drafted in the 1870s, and only submitted for publication after the success of Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward (1888), when it was edited by George Houghton (of Houghton, Mifflin and Company). The protagonist, seemingly brain-damaged in 1872, travels in a dream-state to the year 4872, where he learns of the benign turn the world has ...

Gauld, Tom

(1976-    ) Scottish illustrator, cartoonist and author, active since the beginning of the twenty-first century; he is perhaps best known for a weekly strip cartoon published in the Guardian, a full representative assembly of this material being You're All Just Jealous of My Jetpack (graph coll 2013); Baking With Kafka (graph coll 2017) also contains material from other sources, often directly using sf imagery and themes; Goliath (graph 2012), about the tragically reluctant ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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