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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Carpenter, Elmer J

(1907-1988) US author in whose Moonspin (1967) a foreign power gains control of Earth's weather, threatening to freeze the planet (see Climate Change; Weather Control); but a fight-back effort by Scientists on the Moon may save the day. An earlier novel, Nile Fever (1959), is not sf. [JC]

Appel, Benjamin

(1907-1977) US author, long and variously active, known mainly for such work outside the sf field as Brain Guy (1934) and The Raw Edge (1958). In his sf novel, The Funhouse (1959; vt The Death Master 1974), satirical (see Satire) and Linguistic sideshows sometimes illuminate the story of two Utopias as the Chief of Police from the anti-technological Reservation is called upon to save a future America (the Computer-dominated Funhouse) from atomic demolition. The Devil and W. Kaspar (1977), a ...

Hauru no Ugoku Shiro

Japanese animated film (2004; vt Howl's Moving Castle). Studio Ghibli. Based on the novel Howl's Moving Castle (1986) by Diana Wynne Jones. Directed and written by Hayao Miyazaki. Voice cast includes Chieko Baisho, Tatsuya Gashuin, Ryūnosuke Kamiki, Takuya Kimura and Akihiro Miwa. 119 minutes. Colour. / When staid young hatmaker Sophie (Baisho) meets the kindly but vain young wizard Howl (Kimura) they are attacked by minions of the Witch of the Waste (Miwa): Howl's magic enables them ...

Hakim, Tawfiq al-

(1898-1987) Regarded along with Nobel-prize winning author Najib Mahfuz as the most important modern Egyptian author, author of over 50 books of short stories, novels, dramas and essays, some of sf interest. In 1947 he published his first sf short story, "Fi sana malyun" ["In the Year Million"]. His most interesting sf works are plays. In Rihla ila al-ghad (1950; trans as "Voyage to Tomorrow" 1981) he uses relativistic Time Travel during interstellar flight, in something of a homage to H G ...

Chester, Michael

(1928-    ) US author of two Young Adult novels of sf interest, The Mystery of the Lost Moon (1961) and a Time Travel tale, The Shores of the Near Past (1986). Several of his titles, like his first book, Moon Trip: True Adventure in Space (1958) with William Nephew, are nonfiction you-are-there texts. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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