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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: The Telluride Institute

Eyraud, Achille

(1821-1882) French playwright and author whose sole novel, Voyage à Vénus (1865; trans Brian Stableford as Voyage to Venus 2011), may be the first sf tale to feature a plausibly described Rocket-powered Spaceship. An earlier effort like Elbert Perce's Gulliver Joi: His Three Voyages (1851), also couched as a Fantastic Voyage, does not present its version of a rocket-powered spaceship with anything like Eyraud's detail and strength of argument, during the presentation of which he ...

Monteiro, Jerônymo

(1908-1970) Brazilian author and editor who was in a certain sense the first sf fan in Brazil. He was hooked as a child through H G Wells's books, and in his first sf stories he used the pseudonym "Ronnie Wells". Under this name, he wrote the adventures of the hugely popular detective Dick Peter in a radio show which lasted several years from 1937 on. Later, Dick Peter's exploits were collected in book form; they are Pulpish tales aimed at teenagers, most of them crime thrillers set in New ...


The city is the focal point of our civilization, and images of the city of the future bring into sharp relief the expectations and fears with which we imagine the future of civilization. Disenchantment with metropolitan life was evident even while Utopian optimism remained strong, and became remarkably exaggerated in Dystopian images of the future. The growth of the cities during the Industrial Revolution created filthy slums where crime, ill-health and vice flourished, and a new kind of ...

Iron Sky

Film (2012; rev vt Iron Sky: Dictator's Cut 2014). Blind Spot Pictures Oy, 27 Films Production, New Holland Pictures. Directed by Timo Vuorensola. Written by Jarmo Puskala from a story by Johanna Sinisalo. Cast includes Julia Dietze, Udo Kier, Christopher Kirby, Götz Otto, Stephanie Paul, Tilo Prückner, Peta Sergeant, Johanna Sinisalo. Theatre release 93 minutes; DVD release 111 minutes. Colour. / The first sf story in which Nazis escape into space after World War Two is probably ...

Key, David

(?   -    ) US author of an sf novel, The SEX Machine (1968), in which Sex and Android themes are matched together. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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