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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Ayrton, Michael

UK journalist, broadcaster, sculptor, painter and author born Michael Ayrton Gould (1921-1975), using his father's surname until adolescence, when he took the surname of his mother the politician Barbara Ayrton (1886-1950), also recognizing in this fashion his grandmother the engineer and mathematician Hertha Ayrton (1854-1923); married to Elisabeth Ayrton from 1952 until his death. He was much respected as an illustrator and stage designer; through much of this work recurred images of the ...

Miller, Ian

(1946-    ) UK illustrator. After graduating from St Martin's College of Art, Miller became a commercial illustrator in 1970, with both book-cover work and interior Illustrations, some of the latter in David Day's The Tolkien Bestiary (1979). He did highly characteristic work on the backgrounds for Wizards (1977), an animated film with a Far Future setting directed by Ralph Bakshi (1938-    ). Books of his work are Green Dog Trumpet and Other Stories ...

Carter, Lin

Working name of US author and editor Linwood Vrooman Carter (1930-1988), most of whose work of any significance was done in the field of Heroic Fantasy, an area of concentration he went some way to define in his critical study of relevant texts and techniques, Imaginary Worlds (1973). Most of his criticism was closely linked to his strong interest in fantasy; specific studies include Tolkien: A Look Behind "The Lord of the Rings" (1969), an early take on that author, and Lovecraft: A Look ...

Paull, Laline

(?   -    ) UK playwright, screenwriter and author whose staged dramas to date, beginning with Boat Memory (first performed 2004 Olivier Theatre, London), have been nonfantastic. Her first novel, The Bees (2014), is a surprisingly complex Animal Fantasy whose protagonist, an Ugly-Duckling-like Mutant worker bee, rises in the hive to become a handmaiden to the totalitarian Queen herself [for Ugly Duckling, and for distinctions between Animal Fantasy and Beast ...

Macpherson, Ian

(1905-1944) Scots author, farmer and broadcaster who is of genre interest for his last novel, Wild Harbour (1936), in which a devastating Future War – the expected World War Two – breaks out in 1944. The story centres on a married couple who flee to a cave in the hills of Speyside to escape the looming threat of bombs, Biological Weapons and Poison gas, a temporary escape which though intermittently idyllic cannot endure. Eventually the Post-Holocaust world closes in. [DRL]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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