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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Trudno byt' bogom

1. Film (1989; vt Hard To Be a God). Dovzhenko Studio/Halleluya Film GMBH/VO Sovexportfilm. Directed by Peter Fleischmann. Written by Fleischmann, Jean-Claude Carriere, Dal Orlov, based on Trudno byt' bogom (1964; trans as Hard to be a God 1973) by Arkady and Boris Strugatski. Cast includes Andrei Boltnev, Edward Dzentara, Alexander Filippenko, Ann Gautier, Mikhail Gluzsky, Werner Herzog and Christina Kaufmann. 120 minutes. Colour. / The most ambitious Soviet sf film to date, this ...

Williams, Francis Howard

(1844-1922) US critic and author whose Atman: The Documents in a Strange Case (1891), though its substance could be deemed occultish, has some interest through its structure. Williams himself appears in the tale as the holder of various documents that demonstrate the Psi Powers of the young woman brought to grief by a Mad Scientist, Professor Perdicaris. Metempsychosis is involved. [JC]

DAW Books

New York publishing imprint founded by Donald A Wollheim in 1971 with assistance from New American Library, after his departure from Ace Books; the first titles appeared in 1972. DAW Books – the name derives from Wollheim's initials, though Wollheim's wife, Elsie Wollheim (1910-1996), has been described as the effective co-founder of DAW Books – publishes only sf and Fantasy, producing four or five titles per month. The editorial policy was similar to that followed by Wollheim at ...

Salinger, Pierre

(1925-2004) US journalist – best known for his stint as John F Kennedy's press secretary from 1961 – briefly US Senator for California in 1964, and author. His very Near Future tale, On Instructions of My Government (1971), describes the consequences of the discovery of a Chinese Communist missile base in South America. [JC]

Reynardson, H Birch

(1892-1972) UK author, in active service during World War One; as Henry Thomas Birch-Reynardson, he published a war memoir, Mesopotamia 1914-15 (1919). He is of sf interest for Black Coffee (1928), a Lost Race tale whose protagonists search up the Amazon River for the source of a Drug with the ability to restore Memory of previous lives (see Reincarnation). They find the drug, which is known as Dooni-atla by the secret civilization built around it, in a hidden valley behind a "Golden Curtain". ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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