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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Hoffmann, E T A

(1776-1822) German composer, painter, lawyer, judge and author. For many years he had thought of himself primarily as a musician, being intensely involved in all aspects of Music, including many critical works and compositions – several of his operas, including Undine (first performed 1816) were produced successfully; in 1810, for the publication of one of these compositions – the Miserere in B Flat Minor – he changed his third given name from Wilhelm to Amadeus in homage to ...

Survival Horror

Term used to describe a form of Videogame which, unusually amongst game forms, is defined by its tone and ambience rather than by its gameplay. As the name suggests, Survival Horror games are characterized by vulnerable protagonists attempting to escape from menacing and disturbing situations, almost always of a fantastic nature. The gameplay most often resembles that of an action Adventure, though in a Survival Horror game the player characters will be at much more frequent risk of death, ...

Ridley, Frank A

The usual working name of UK politician, freethinker and author Francis Ambrose Ridley (1897-1994), most of whose books were on historical subjects. The Green Machine (1926) as by F H Ridley, though clearly cavalier in its treatment of science – presenting as it does the eponymous bicycle as a Spaceship capable of interplanetary travel – interestingly sends its protagonist to tour a crowded solar system, landing first on Mars, where he finds an advanced civilization (see Life on ...

Star Blaster

US letter-size Cinema magazine printed on newsprint. Publisher: Windsor Communications Incorporated. No editor named. Ten (?) issues from 1983 to 1986. Publication schedule was roughly quarterly. / This title, one of several attempting to emulate such Media Magazines as Fantastic Films and Starlog, did so with modest success. Films covered included E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial (1982), Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (1982) and Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi (1983). At least ...

Helprin, Mark

(1947-    ) US author who served in the British Merchant Navy and the Israeli armed forces, experiences transmuted in A Dove of the East and Other Stories (coll 1975), which contains some fantasies. He is best known for Winter's Tale (1983), an epic Urban Fantasy [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below] set in an imaginary New York. The novel attempts to be a fantastic history of the City in the twentieth century, celebrating the forces which gave birth to it, and ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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