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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 May 2022
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Raphael, Rick

(1919-1994) US author and journalist who began publishing sf with "A Filbert is a Nut" for Astounding in November 1959 and established a considerable reputation in the field with a comparatively small output of about ten stories, most of them assembled in The Thirst Quenchers (coll 1965) and Code Three (fixup 1966). The first contains four good stories, the best of which is the title story about professionals in a future where Earth's water is carefully rationed, their job being its proper ...

Raine, Craig

(1944-    ) UK poet whose first book, The Onion, Memory (coll 1978 chap), demonstrated his capacity to illuminate the world through estranged images, a technique which came to full fruition in A Martian Sends a Postcard Home (coll 1979 chap), the title poem of which represents – in language which convincingly manifests a principle central to Fantastika as a whole, that the fantastic may be best grasped through the literal – an Alien's tabula rasa vision of normal ...

Rorvik, David

(1946-    ) US journalist specializing in scientific and medical issues, whose pseudo-nonfiction book In His Image: The Cloning of a Man (1978) claimed that the author had been involved in the 1973 creation of a Clone of a specific human being described as a wealthy businessman called Max. This caused both sensation and controversy, and led to a lawsuit filed against the publisher by UK scientist Derek Bromhall (whose name was used without permission, along with portions of ...

Death Rays

Rays that could kill, whether by heat or by disintegration, were the staple Weapons of pulp sf in the 1920s and 1930s and became a central item of sf Terminology (see Blaster; Disintegrator). In Charles W Diffin's "The Power and the Glory" (July 1930 Astounding), Scientists suppress a new Power Source based on Nuclear Energy because the device can be adapted as a death ray. At about the time such rays were becoming old-fashioned in sf, scientists in the real world saw fit to invent the laser, ...

Marooned

Film (1969). Columbia. Directed by John Sturges. Written by Mayo Simon, based on Marooned (1964) by Martin Caidin. Cast includes Richard Crenna, James Franciscus, Gene Hackman, David Janssen and Gregory Peck. 134 minutes. Colour. / John Sturges is best known for Westerns (e.g., The Magnificent Seven [1960]), though he also directed the borderline sf film The Satan Bug (1965); outer space may be a less suitable setting for his work. The film is a quasidocumentary (see Space Documentaries) ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...



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