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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Graham, H E

Pseudonym of UK soldier and author Ernest Graham Hamilton (1882-1950), in active service during World War One; along with some nonfiction, he published two books of sf interest. The Defence of Bowler Bridge: A Study in Minor Tactics (1929 chap) describes in detail a battle in which Britain defends Ruritania (see Ruritania) from its enemies. The Battle of Dora (1931) is a Future War tale on Battle of Dorking lines, with a focus on the tactics of armoured warfare. Ruritanian Jugurthia, hapless ...


Underground settings are far from being an exclusively sf theme, having a universal resonance for Homo sapiens, as Kim Stanley Robinson registers in Forty Signs of Rain (2004): "He descended the Metro escalator into the ground. A weird action for a hominid to take.... Following the shaman into the cave. We've never lost any of that". Mysterious regions underground have since the earliest days of Proto SF offered a suitable location for Lost Worlds, Labyrinths and the kind of free-form ...

Gautier, Émile

(1853-1937) French anarchist, imprisoned 1883-1885 for making speeches, and journalist specializing in popular science; best known for the nonfiction Le Darwinisme social ["Social Darwinism"] (1880), a text which familiarized the term Social Darwinism for French readers. Solo he published an sf tale, "Le Désiré" (1892 La Science Illustrée), and with Marie-Francois Goron, he wrote the Fleur de Bagne sequence – Fleur de Bagne, roman contemporain (1901 Le Journal; 1902 ...

Churchill, David

(?   -    ) UK author of Young Adult sf novels including It, Us, and the Others (1978), whose young protagonists discover an Alien underwater, and Not My World (1980). He may be the David Churchill credited with the teleplay for the 1986 four-part miniseries presentation of Mervyn Peake's Mr Pye (1953). [JC]

Ogilvy, Arthur James

(1834-1914) Indian-born civil servant and author, educated in the UK, in Australia from 1851, most of whose work is nonfiction, some of it studies of Evolution. Of sf interest is The Ape Man (1913 chap) as by A J O, in which a prospector discovers the last survivors of a tribe of quasi-human apes (see Apes as Human) in the Amazon, and lives with them. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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