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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 3 October 2022
Sponsor of the day: The Telluride Institute

Battle: Los Angeles

Film (2011). Columbia Pictures in association with Relativity Media presents an Original Film/Legion Entertainment production. Directed by Jonathan Liebesman. Written by Chris Bertolini. Cast includes Aaron Eckhart, Cory Hardrict, Bridget Moynahan, Michelle Rodriguez, Ramón Rodríguez and Will Rothhaar. 116 minutes. Colour. / After Earth's major cities are attacked in a coordinated extraterrestrial Invasion, a unit of marines stranded behind enemy lines during a rescue mission ...

Rossmann, John F

(1942-    ) US author of the Mind Masters sequence, beginning with The Mind Masters (1974), in which a Vietnam vet, whose ESP powers have been activated by trauma, joins a secret organization whose goal is to prevent the powers-that-be from subverting research into paranormal phenomena; as the series progresses, Equipoisal shifts between sf and supernatural horror weaken its occasional strengths. The last two volumes were as by Ian Ross. [JC]


Modernity, and with it science fiction, came very late to Sweden. The country consists of two thirds of a large isthmus at the northwest edge of Europe, in the north reaching well into the Polar circle. The Swedish population in 1500 is estimated at around 700,000; the capital, Stockholm, boasted some 6000 inhabitants. In 1700, the population had reached 1.5 million; in 1900 slightly over 5.1 million. Until the early twentieth century, Sweden was fundamentally an agrarian society. From 1611 ...

Bogoraz, Vladimir Germanovitch

(1865-1936) Soviet anthropologist and linguist, who also signed himself Waldemar Bogoras and Tan-Bogoraz; a central figure in the study of the Chukchee language of Siberia, on which he published definitively. His sf novel, Zhertvy drakona (1927; trans Stephen Graham as Sons of the Mammoth 1929 US as by Waldemar Bogoras), is Prehistoric SF which reflects his professional concerns in a tale whose Neanderthal protagonists encounter rising human stock and a "mysterious" beast that turns out to be ...

Flinn, Denny Martin

(1947-2007) US author of a Star Trek Tie, Star Trek: The Fearful Summons (1995); he also co-scripted, with Nicholas Meyer, the screenplay for Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (1991). [JC/DRL]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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