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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Last and First Men

Film (2017). Icelandic Film Centre, Zik Zak Filmworks. Directed by Jóhann Jóhannsson. Written by Jóhannsson. From Last and First Men (1930) by Olaf Stapledon. Music by Jóhannsson. Cast consists of Tilda Swinton (voice only). 70 minutes. Black and white. / All that can be seen for the seventy minute duration of Last and First Men, via slow tracking shots in black and white, is nothing more than a series of anti-fascist memorials commissioned by Josip Broz Tito ...

After Earth

American film (2013). Columbia/Overbrook Entertainment/Blinding Edge Pictures. Directed by M Night Shyamalan. Written by Gary Whitta and M Night Shyamalan, based on a story by Will Smith. Cast includes Kristofer Hivju, Zoë Isabella Kravitz, Glenn Morshower, Sophie Okonedo, Jaden Smith and Will Smith. 100 minutes. Colour. / One thousand years in the future, humanity has abandoned Earth to live on another planet after Alien invaders rendered the planet uninhabitable by causing all of its ...

Mayakovsky, Vladimir

(1893-1930) Russian poet and playwright, a revolutionary from early years, a Futurist poet whose verse radically shocked post-Revolution Russia. Of particular sf interest is his first fully fledged prose Satirical play, Klop (performed 1929; 1929; trans Guy Daniels as The Bedbug in The Complete Plays of Vladimir Mayakovsky, coll 1968), in which, some generations hence, a Soviet bureaucrat who has been in Suspended Animation, is kept in a Zoo after he proves both charismatic and transgressive. ...

Independence Day

Film (1996). Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation presents a Centropolis Entertainment production. Directed by Roland Emmerich. Written by Emmerich, Dean Devlin. Cast includes Jeff Goldblum, Judd Hirsch, Mary McDonnel, Bill Pullman, Randy Quaid and Will Smith. 145 minutes (special edition 153). Colour. / A vast Alien Spaceship enters Earth's orbit on the morning of 2 July. Within hours a fleet of warships takes up position above Earth's most important cities and reduces them to rubble, ...

Devine, Arthur D

Pseudonym of South African author and journalist Arthur Durham Divine (1904-1987), in the UK from before World War Two and active as a war correspondent throughout that conflict; he also wrote as A D Devine, A D Divine, David Divine and David Rame. Of genre interest is Wings over the Atlantic (date unknown but pre-1938), in which a brilliant Mad Scientist attempts the traditional task of conquering the world with his Inventions. Tunnel from Calais (1942; 1943 as by David Rame) is a Channel ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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