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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Chester, Lillian

(1887-1961) US screenwriter and author who seems to have worked exclusively in collaboration with her husband, George Randolph Chester, after their marriage in 1911; it now seems unclear who was the senior partner (the two credited each other generously), though in the early twentieth century her husband was assumed to dominate. Of his (or their) works of interest, only The Ball of Fire (1914), a Near Future tale in which a magnate comes to dominate the Transportation networks of the world, is ...

Clay, Cynthia Joyce

(1954-    ) US author whose Feminist sf tale, Zollocco: A Novel of Another Universe (2000), whose Earth-human protagonist finds herself transported to a world where a Gaia-like principle animates the forest; the argument of the book allows the inference that feminist goals are only to be achieved through a freeing of the spirituality of women. [JC]

Groundhog Day

Film (1993). Columbia. Directed and coproduced by Harold Ramis (1944-2014). Written by Danny Rubin and Ramis, based on a story by Rubin. Cast includes Chris Elliott, Marita Geraghty, Andie MacDowell, Bill Murray and Steven Tobolowsky. 101 minutes. Colour. / Phil Connors (Murray) is a cynical and unhappy television weatherman with no real future in store, dejected at having to cover for the fifth time the annual 2 February Groundhog Day ceremony in the small town of Punxsutawney, ...

Enslaved: Odyssey to the West

Videogame (2010). Ninja Theory (NT). Designed by Tameem Antoniades. Platforms: PS3, XB360. / Enslaved is an action Adventure set in a lush, verdant Post-Holocaust America, where most of mankind has been wiped out in a devastating war and the few surviving humans are hunted by killer Robots, still fulfilling their ancient objectives. The gameplay combines combat and occasional puzzles with jumping and leaping in the manner of a platform game (see Videogames) in an uncomplicated package that ...

Schulman, J Neil

(1953-2019) US author whose books were very influential in the Libertarian-SF movement. Alongside Night (1979), which is set in a ruinously Decadent New York, describes the salvation of a future America – whose economy has been destroyed by government intervention in the free market: a singularly bad guess in post-2008 hindsight – by a hard-cash underground economy evolved from today's black market (see Economics; Politics). The political message is conveyed in a reasonably ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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