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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 3 October 2022
Sponsor of the day: Joe Haldeman

Mills, C J

(1944-    ) US author known only for her Winter World sequence of Planetary Romances – beginning with Winter World (1988) and ending with Winter World #5: Zjhanne's Book (1992) – featuring various adventures on a strife-beset frozen world; marital conflicts are focused upon. [JC]


The Benelux consists of three nations: the Netherlands (Holland), Belgium and Luxembourg. The Dutch language is spoken in the Netherlands and in the northern part of Belgium, called Flanders. The French-speaking southern and eastern part of Belgium is called Wallonia. In the field of literature Flanders and the Netherlands are one domain, and the same can be said for Wallonia and France. Flemish (from Flanders) and Walloon (from Wallonia) authors are mostly published, respectively, in the ...

Gellis, Roberta L

(1927-2016) US author, author of many historical romances from 1964; her works of genre interest under her own name, either solo or in collaboration with Mercedes Lackey, have been romantic fantasies. She wrote two 1970s sf novels as by Max Daniels: The Space Guardian (1978) and Offworld (1979). A third sf venture under her own name is Overstars Mail: Imperial Challenge (2004), a Space Opera literally about crises in the mails as the Galactic Empire goes through a time of trouble. [JC]

McManus, L

Working name of Irish author Charlotte Elizabeth McManus (circa 1853-1944), an historian and nationalist whose learning and convictions were normally expressed through the historical romance. In her one sf novel, The Professor in Erin (publication date unknown Sinn Féin; 1918), a German professor exploring Irish ruins knocks his head and finds himself in an Alternate World, where an Irish Utopia has flourished, the Jonbar Point being Ireland's victory at the Battle of Kinsale (1601). The ...

Gems, Jonathan

(1952-    ) US screenwriter and author of Mars Attacks! (1996), a Tie to the Tim Burton film Mars Attacks! (1996), which it novelizes. This film's screenplay was also by Gems, based on the "Mars Attacks" series of Topps trading cards (1962); he had earlier co-scripted Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984), based on Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) by George Orwell. [JC/DRL]

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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