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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Independence War: The Starship Simulator

Videogame (1997). Particle Systems (PS). Designed by Glyn Williams, Michael Powell. Platforms: Win. / Independence War is a combat-oriented Space Sim, with views displayed in real time using three-dimensional graphics. It is remarkable both for its use of accurate Newtonian Physics and for the fact that the player's ship is a corvette with a crew of four, rather than the more conventional single pilot starfighter. The game's multilinear plot (see Interactive Narrative) occurs during a war ...

Weir, Andy

(1972-    ) US author who has also written as by Jack Sharp and has self-published fiction at his Galactanet site [see links below] since 2009. His first novel, The Martian (2014), initially self-published as a free online ebook in 2012, describes in considerable detail the travails of an astronaut stranded on Mars as fellow-Scientists work out a way to rescue him. His survival techniques include growing potatoes in his departed team's Martian habitat module, and burning ...

McIntosh, J T

Pseudonym of Scottish author and journalist James Murdoch MacGregor (1925-2008), used for all his sf writing excepting one story as by H J Murdoch for Science Fantasy; in some early work the surname was spelled M'Intosh. He also wrote non-sf under his own name. He began publishing sf with "The Curfew Tolls" in Astounding in December 1950, producing many stories (though no collections) through 1980. With his first novel, World Out of Mind (1953), he fully entered a career that was, in its early ...

Walton, Nathan

(?   -?   ) US author of Utopia Right Around the Corner (Non-Factual: A Story of Fiction Told as if it were Factual) (1941), a Future History beginning in 1942, early in the presidency of Henry A Wallace (1888-1965), presumably after the death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, as he was in reality vice-president until 1945. Under Wallace, rapid action is taken towards the transformation of America into a socialist Utopia. [JC]

Sapphire and Steel

UK tv series (1979-1982). An ATV Network Production. Written/created by P J Hammond (except "Adventure Five" by Don Houghton and Anthony Read); executive producer David Reid; produced by Shaun O'Riordan. Directed by O'Riordan and David Foster. Cast includes Joanna Lumley (Sapphire), David McCallum (Steel) and David Collings (Silver). Four seasons, 34 25-minute episodes in all; broken into "Adventure One" (six episodes 1979), "Adventure Two" (eight episodes 1979), "Adventure Three" (six episodes ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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