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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Time Out of Sequence

The Perception of events in a shuffled or apparently random sequence – as distinct from the simple negative of Time in Reverse – is played for laughs in F Anstey's Tourmalin's Time Cheques (A Farcical Extravagance) (1891; vt The Time Bargain; or, Tourmalin's Cheque Book 1905), where it generates an escalating sense of comic confusion. More usually, the effect disturbingly emphasizes the illusory nature of free will in a deterministic universe. A prime example is Slaughterhouse-Five, ...

Barr, Ken

(1933-2016) Working name of American artist Kenneth Barr, born in Scotland, who used the name Kenneth Barr for his early work in Britain. After military service he relocated to London to launch a career as a commercial artist and briefly worked for the British magazine Nebula Science Fiction, contributing three undistinguished covers and numerous interior illustrations; he also drew for a British Comic book, D C Thomson's Commando: War Stories in Pictures. After arriving in America in 1967, he ...


US Semiprozine (1968-current), edited by Charles N Brown (calling himself Charlie Brown in earlier days) until his death shortly after working on issue #582 (July 2009); further editorial staff provided support in the twenty-first century, with Jennifer A Hall and Kirsten Gong-Wong sharing credit for Locus's Hugo wins in 2003 and 2004, and Kirsten Gong-Wong and Liza Groen Trombi from 2006; Trombi has been editor-in-chief since #583 (August 2009). Published by Locus Publications in Oakland, ...

Brooks-Dalton, Lily

(?   -    ) US author whose first novel, Good Morning, Midnight (2016), depicts a Near Future that may have been brought to silence by a Disaster, though none is specified. The main protagonist, an astronomer entering old age on Earth, seems convinced at points that he is the Last Man left, though he is soon involved in keeping a small girl alive in his abandoned observatory. Seemingly at the same point in time, the crew of an exploratory Spaceship, having ...

Olesker, J Bradford

(1949-    ) US author of The Siege of Superport (1978), a Technothriller in which a "superport" built in deep waters to transfer oil to tankers is under threat by terrorists; the technologies involved are marginally in advance of 1978 reality. Beyond Forever (1981) is a Young Adult fantasy. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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