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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Carrère, Jean

(1865-1932) French journalist, poet and author, of some sf interest for a novel published at the end of his active career, La Fin d'Atlantis ou le grand soir ["The End of Atlantis or the Great Evening"] (1926; trans Brian Stableford as The End of Atlantis 2017). The novel is remarkable not for any originality concerning the collapse of the Empire of Atlantis into the sea, but for a sustained essayistic conflation of the fate of the great Island and the Decadence of the West after World War One. ...

Tenkū no shiro Laputa

Japanese animated film (1986; vt Laputa: Castle in the Sky; Castle in the Sky; Laputa: The Flying Island). Studio Ghibli. Directed and written by Hayao Miyazaki. Voice cast includes Kotoe Hatsui, Mayumi Tanaka, Minori Terada and Keiko Yokozawa. 126 minutes. Colour. / This film is inspired by the flying Island of Laputa in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726; rev 1735). In some countries "Laputa" is absent from the film's title, due to its Spanish meaning (of which Swift was well ...

Notkin, Debbie

(?   -    ) US reviewer, editor and co-owner 1977-1994 of the Californian sf bookshop The Other Change of Hobbit; active in Fandom since the 1970s, her Fanzine being Kith (3 issues 1984-1985); involved with the US Feminist Convention WisCon and the James Tiptree Jr Award as a member of its "Motherboard"; she has also written as Deborah L Notkin and D L Notkin. She reviewed sf and fantasy for Delap's F & SF Review 1975-1976, for Rigel 1981-1983, and for ...

Raspail, Jean

(1925-2020) French author, much of whose nonfiction controversially treats the kind of issue explored in the inflammatory Le camp des saints (1973; trans Norman Shapiro as The Camp of the Saints 1975), set in a Near-Future world in the coils of Overpopulation. When the non-white Third World lays siege to Europe, which should have been armed against the onslaught, civilization (that is, white civilization) perishes. Of his many other novels, Sire ["Sire"] (1991) – in which the French ...

Winslow, Helen M

(1851-1938) US author, much of whose work advocates a moderate Feminism in which the central focus seems to be on equality of opportunity between the sexes, as in the nonfantastic A Woman for Mayor: A Novel of To-Day (1909), whose victorious female mayor is much interested in hygiene, and has the city scrubbed clean. Of sf interest is the Near Future Salome Shepard, Reformer (1893), the eponymous protagonist of which, who happens to be a factory owner, is inspired to create a Utopia with ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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