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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Cormier, Robert

(1925-2000) US author, highly esteemed for his Young Adult novels, especially perhaps The Chocolate War (1974), which is not fantastic. Of sf interest are The Bumblebee Flies Anyway (1983), which depicts the experiences of a child being experimented upon in a hospital called only the Complex; and Fade (1988), a tale of inherited Invisibility hovers Equipoisally between fantasy and sf whose protagonist gains markedly but suffers greatly through his alienating power. [JC]


Exogamy in its dictionary sense, as the human practice of marrying only outside one's own group, occasionally features in sf tinged with a flavour of Anthropology. A well-known example is the exogamous phratry system of the Starship-dwelling Free Traders in Robert A Heinlein's Citizen of the Galaxy (September-December 1957 Astounding; 1957). The term is also technically applicable to the phenomenon of marriage between a visitor to a terrestrial Lost World and one of its inhabitants, as in ...

Drinkard, William H

(?   -    ) US politician (active in 1970s Georgia), real estate developer and author of the sf novel Elom (2008), in which it is discovered that the eponymous planet is a kind of experimental Zoo where samples of various species – including Homo sapiens – have been abducted (see UFOs) from their native environments and left to evolve, under strictly controlled conditions (see Secret Masters) which at points seem to have created something like a ...

Tuckwell, William

(1829-1919) UK minister, teacher and author, well-known for his advocacy of "Christian socialism" and for broadening school curricula to include science. He was not an author of fiction, though his essay in Futures Studies, The New Utopia; Or, England in 1985: A Lecture (1885 chap), which was influenced by William Morris's arcadian philosophy, eloquently describes Utopia in terms of his political principles (see Politics; Religion). [JC]

Foote, Bud

(1930-2005) Scholar, political activist and music enthusiast; Professor Emeritus at the Georgia Institute of Technology's School of Literature, Communication and Culture from 1957-1999 and co-ordinator of one of the first university-level sf courses in America. He is the author of The Connecticut Yankee in the Twentieth Century: Travel to the Past in Science Fiction (1991), which argues that Mark Twain's A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889) established the archetype for science ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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