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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 26 September 2022
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Palmer, Jessica

(1953-    ) US journalist and author of two fantasy series – Dark Lullaby and Renegade World, see Checklist for titles – and the Space Opera Factor sequence, comprising Random Factor (1994), Human Factor (1996) and Random Factor (1997), about a cruel war fought in interstellar space by opposing forces of Clones governed by a central AI, supposedly for the benefit of humanity; but the tables are soon turned, and Earth becomes a battlefield. [JC]

Cohen, Matt

Working name of Canadian author Matthew Cohen (1942-1999), best known for short stories and novels set among disturbed urban dwellers in contemporary Ontario. Too Bad Galahad (1972 chap), however, is an Arthurian Fabulation, and several of the stories assembled in Columbus and the Fat Lady, and Other Stories (coll 1972) and Night Flights: Stories New and Selected (coll 1978) contain fantasy. The Colours of War (1977) is a Near-Future tale of civil strife for which the Ontario countryside serves ...


The Jewish legend of the Golem comprises a set of Proto-SF stories about the maker and the made. Several well-known rabbis and Judaic scholars of the Middle Ages and early Renaissance had Golem stories ascribed to them, the most elaborate cycle being that connected with Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel (1512-1609), the Maharal of Prague, a controversial and admired sage and community leader. "His" version of the Golem, Joseph, is an Automaton made from the sand and mud lining the Vltava River. To ...

Hoyt, Francis Deming

(1843-1922) US author whose sf novel, The Coming Storm (1913), castigates socialism, and workers' movements in general, from a conservative Catholic position in its depiction of a Near Future rising tide of oppression. [JC]

Source Code

Film (2011). The Mark Gordon Company. Directed by Duncan Jones. Written by Ben Ripley. Cast includes Vera Farmiga, Jake Gyllenhaal, Michelle Monaghan and Jeffrey Wright. 93 minutes. Colour. / Ripley, earlier known principally for his writing on the Species (1995) sequels, broke out with this spec script about a USAF pilot who wakes up in an iterable Time Loop of a stranger's last eight minutes of life on a doomed train, with orders to find the train's bomber in time to prevent an imminent ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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