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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Gandon, Yves

(1899-1975) French author. His Le dernier Blanc (1945; trans A M as The Last White Man 1948) depicts, on familiar lines, the chemical warfare of the future featuring a toxin deadly only to whites (see Race in SF). Other sf works include Après les hommes ["After Men"] (1963), involving an ethical ferromagnetic race in the Far Future, and La ville invisible ["The Invisible Town"] (1953). En pays singulier ["In a Remarkable Country"] (coll 1949) contains some sf. [JC/PN]

Silent History, The

App (2012) and novel (2014). Written by Eli Horowitz, Kevin Moffett, Matthew Derby. App development: Russell Quinn. / In a recognizable near-present (identified in both formats as commencing in 2011), a generation of Children are born lacking any facility for speech or, by extension, Communication of any kind. Initially sporadic accounts of their intrusion into society gradually give way to an increasingly Dystopian portrait of a subculture comprising the Silent "phasic-resistant" children ...

Ayrton, Elisabeth

(1910-1991) UK author, best known for books on cooking; married first to Nigel Balchin (1933-1951), then to Michael Ayrton (from 1952 until his death in 1975). Her sf novel, Day Eight (1978), portrays a Near-Future world in Ecological extremis, to which Gaia responds through a sudden acceleration in the Evolution of species in the heart of Africa, but excluding Homo sapiens. [JC]

Altruism

Everyone is familiar with C P Snow's 1959 lecture on "The Two Cultures", incorporated into Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution (1959), wherein he expressed alarm over the perceived separation of the communities of the sciences and the humanities; but few have noted his stated reason for the called-for reconciliation of the two divided communities: the need to address the growing divide between the rich nations and the poor nations of the world. In other words, he was calling for a ...

Shea, Kieran

(1965-    ) US author most of whose short fiction is nonfantastic; he is of sf interest primarily for the Koko sequence of gonzo adventures beginning with Koko Takes a Holiday (2014). The eponymous female protagonist, retired from mercenary work (see Military SF), has invested in a brothel in The Sixty Islands, an artificial Archipelago where simulated contests (see Androids; Games and Sports; Virtual Reality) replicate exaggeratedly real-world conditions 500 years in to the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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