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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Jarry, Alfred

(1873-1907) French author who carried the fruits of his scientific education into his surreal avant-garde writing, particularly the influence of the French evolutionary philosopher Henri Bergson (1859-1941). Jarry's famous play Ubu roi [for subtitle see Checklist] (performed 1896; 1896; trans 1951) and its several sequels including "Ubu enchaîné" (1900 Revue Blanche; trans B Keith and G Legman as King Turd 1953) – helped found the Theatre of the Absurd, and he created the ...

Frankenstein Monster

The term is in general use, not only in sf Terminology but in common parlance, to mean a Monster that ultimately turns and rends its irresponsible creator. Readers of sf are aware that in Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley original novel, Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus (1811; rev 1831), Frankenstein was the name of the creator and not of the monster; in popular usage and pop-culture iconography, however, it is all too often assumed that the unnamed monster itself is Frankenstein. It should ...

Hoffman, Kurt

An Australian pseudonym or more likely a House Name used on one novella-length Scientific Thrillers tale of sf interest, Blackmarket Brains (1949 chap), in which a surgeon is forced to engage in criminal acts of Identity Transfer by transplanting brains of criminals into innocent bodies. [JC]

Lichtenberg, Jacqueline

(1942-    ) US author who began publishing sf with "Operation High Time" for If in January 1969, but soon concentrated on fan fiction set in the Open Universe permitted by the owners of Star Trek; Star Trek Lives! (1975) with Sondra Marshak and Joan Winston is a famous nonfiction description of the early days of Star Trek fandom. Her first book was House of Zeor (1974), the initial volume of the Sime/Gen sequence, also an open-universe series, which continued with Unto Zeor, ...

Elton, Ben

Working name of UK television comedian, playwright and author Benjamin Charles Elton (1959-    ), well known for the contumely and sharpness of his early stand-up verbal Satire; in the 1980s, he was equally well-known for his writing and for his delivery of his own scripts. More recently, he has attracted criticism for his more anodyne later work, which includes lyrics for undemanding stage shows, including the jukebox musical We Will Rock You (performed 2002; 2004), set in ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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