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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Paine, Lauran

(1916-2003) US stunt rider, rancher and author, extraordinarily prolific in several fields, with more than 900 novels under his own name and 69 identified pseudonyms from 1950 until the mid 1990s, almost always for Robert Hale Limited. Over 600 of these were Westerns, many of them achieving a level of genuine competence; a relative handful of them were sf, which he wrote without particular inspiration. This Time Tomorrow (1963), a grim Future War tale, was published under his own name; further ...

Levinson, Leonard

(1935-    ) US author of sf novels under other names: contributions to the Butler series of Sex-charged Technothrillers beginning with Killer Satellites (1980) under the House Name Philip Kirk; and The Camp (1977) as by Jonathan Trask. [JC]

Leivick, H

Working name of Russian composer, journalist and playwright Leivick Halpern (1888-1962), whose language (and identity) was Yiddish; after imprisonment and Siberian exile, he lived in the USA from 1913; his working name was adapted in America to avoid any confusion with the exiled poet Moyshe Leyb-Halpern (1886-1932), also in New York. Of sf interest is his verse drama, published originally in German translation as Der Goylem: A Dramatische Poeme in Akht Bilder (1921; trans J C Augenlicht as The ...

Sword and Sorcery

This term – describing a subgenre of Fantasy embracing adventures with swordplay and Magic – is usually attributed to Fritz Leiber, who is said to have coined it in 1960 in response to Michael Moorcock's request for such a capsule description; but the kind of story it refers to is much older than that. (Other terms that overlap with "sword-and-sorcery" are Heroic Fantasy and Science Fantasy, the overlap being considerable in the former case, but all three terms have different ...

Ng Yi-Sheng

(1980-    ) Singapore poet, playwright and author, initially recognized for his poetry, of which there are several collections, beginning with last boy (coll 2006); his Anthologies tend to focus, as does his poetry, on gay issues and experiences. He is perhaps best known internationally for his short fiction, beginning with "Agnes Joaquim, Bioterrorist" in Fish Eats Lion: New Singaporean Speculative Fiction (anth 2012) edited by Jason Erik Lundberg. Later stories have been ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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