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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: David Redd

Robinsonade

Daniel Defoe's The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1719) provides the name and is the central model for the robinsonade, which may be defined as the romance of solitary survival in such inimical (though ultimately compliant) terrains as desert Islands (or planets), seen as a success-story. Earlier tales do exist (in The Imaginary Voyage in Prose Fiction [1941], Philip Babcock Gove calls them "prerobinsonades"), but Defoe's novel clearly supplies much of the thematic ...

Dystopias

The word "dystopia" is the commonly used antonym of "eutopia" (see Utopias) and denotes that class of hypothetical societies containing images of worlds worse than our own. An early user of the term was John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), in a parliamentary speech in 1868, but its recent fashionableness probably stems from its use in Quest for Utopia (1952) by Glenn Negley (1907-1988) and J Max Patrick (1908-?   ). Anthony Burgess argued in 1985 (1978) that "cacotopia" would be a more ...

Robertson, Al

(?   -    ) UK musician and author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Golden" in The Third Alternative for Spring 2004; his first novel Crashing Heaven (2015), which begins the Station series, is a Space Opera with Cyberpunk intonations, set in a period after Earth has been abandoned due to the behaviour of Homo sapiens, and while the human survivors remain constrained to the Solar System, where they mostly occupy a vast Space Habitat. The ...

Parks and Recreation

US tv series (2009-2015). NBC Universal, Deedle Dee, Fremulon, 3Arts, Schur Films, Universal Media Studios. Directed by Dean Holland, Tom McGill, Michael Schur and others. Written by Megan Amram, Aisha Muharrar, Matt Murray, Amy Poehler, Michael Schur, Jen Statsky, Harris Wittels, Alan Yang and others. Cast includes Aziz Ansari, Jim O'Heir, Aubrey Plaza, Amy Poehler, Chris Pratt and Adam Scott. 125 22-minute episodes. / Earnest civil servant Leslie Knope (Poehler) idolizes women in ...

Schmidt, Stanley

(1944-    ) US editor, author and academic, with a 1969 PhD in physics, which he taught until 1978. In that year he became editor of Analog, a position he held continually until his retirement in August 2012, matching John W Campbell Jr's thirty-four years in the post. He performed this daunting task – which at its simplest might be described as maintaining a home for the Hard SF Thought Experiment – in the forthright manner Campbell established, though rather ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...



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