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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 31 January 2023
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Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith

Film (2005). A Lucasfilm Ltd Production, a Twentieth Century Fox release. Directed by George Lucas. Written by Lucas. Cast includes Hayden Christensen, Samuel L Jackson, Ian McDiarmid, Ewan McGregor and Natalie Portman. 140 minutes. Colour. / In Revenge of the Sith, the (apparently) final film in the Star Wars cycle, George Lucas finally packs away the cute sidekicks to dramatize the darkest moment in ...

Stoker, Bram

(1847-1912) Irish author, civil servant, theatrical manager closely associated with Henry Irving and the actress Ellen Terry, and playwright. He is best known as the author of Dracula (1897; rev with cuts 1901), the classic Vampire novel. Although his fantasies are in the weird and occult fields, his writings do contain sf elements. These, however, are generally treated as products of Magic rather than of science, as in ...

Lumley, Benjamin

(1811-1875) Canadian-born lawyer, entrepreneurial opera manager and author, who wrote at least once as Hermes; in UK from well before 1832, by which point he had permanently changed his surname from Levy. His career in opera, from 1842 to about 1863, was marked by some scandal (not unusual for the context) and his introduction of nearly thirty operas to Britain, including several by Giuseppe Verdi. His career as a novelist began late, with Sirenia; or, Recollections of a Past Existence ...


The Chinese were using skyrockets as fireworks in the eleventh century, and adapted them as Weapons of War in the thirteenth. Europeans borrowed the idea, but rocket-missiles were abandoned as muskets and rifles became more efficient. According to Willy Ley in Rockets: The Future of Travel Beyond the Stratosphere (1944), a fifteenth-century Chinese legend tells of one Wan-Hoo, who attached rockets to ...

Michel, Louise

(1830-1905) French teacher, anarchist and author, imprisoned in 1871 and deported in 1873 for her unyielding dedication to the principles that inspired the Communards during the siege of Paris 1870-1871, returning to France in 1880 as a convinced anarchist and Feminist; she was frequently imprisoned in later years, which she spent partly in exile in London; her funeral in Marseille was attended by a vast crowd. Her sf consists of the first two volumes of a projected ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos ...

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