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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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The word "bionics" was coined in 1960 as a contraction of "biological electronics". Both inside and outside sf it has become the preferred term for Technologies which repair or augment the human body with greater sophistication than mere inert prostheses. Bionics is the biological aspect of Cybernetics theory. Sf's traditional term for people with mechanical enhancements was Cyborg, as in the title of Martin Caidin's Cyborg (1972). However the popular image of the Bionic Man that was ...

Barzevi, A H

(?   -?   ) US author of Migrants of the Stars: Being an Account of the Discovery of the Marvelous Land of Niames, and of the Secret of its Inhabitants (1931) with Marc F Keller, the protagonist of which travels by Balloon to a Lost Race of philosophers who have created a Utopia on a flying Island, from whence he is transported to the nearby planet Zu, which is also benign, though its inhabitants lack extrasensory powers. [JC]

Welles, Paul O'M

(?   -    ) US author of Project Lambda (1979), a Near Future Dystopian Satire set in an America where homosexual men are first murdered and then – after the government sees an opportunity to publicly humiliate any survivors – sent to concentration camps where they will be castrated; but public outrage saves the day. [JC]

Iggulden, John

(1917-2010) Australian businessman, anthologist and author whose sf contribution is restricted to his first novel, Breakthrough (1960), portraying a Dystopia set in a Near Future land governed in totalitarian fashion by a dictator whose regime uses surgically implanted radio-controlled devices for purposes of repression. By this means all subjects can be remotely traced, subjected to neural Torture, or killed by an explosive charge; Psi Powers, not otherwise relevant to the plot, are invoked to ...

Jarrett, David

(1943-2010) Welsh author, mostly on the history and theory of gardening, though The Gothic Form in Fiction and Its Relation to History (1980) includes sharp studies of various authors, among them Franz Kafka (see Gothic SF). He is of sf interest for Withering (1979), which begins as a Twice-Told rendering of the legend of the Seventh Swan [for Twice-Told see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below], but segues into a Godgame tale played by off-planet magisters, with the protagonist's ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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