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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Manchurian Candidate, The

1. Film (1962). MC/Essex/United Artists. Directed by John Frankenheimer. Written by George Axelrod, based on The Manchurian Candidate (1959) by Richard Condon. Cast includes James Gregory, Laurence Harvey, Angela Lansbury, Janet Leigh, John McGiver, Henry Silva and Frank Sinatra. 126 minutes. Black and white. / A group of US soldiers captured in Korea are subjected to elaborate brainwashing by the Chinese as part of a plot to subvert and eventually to rule America. As part of the elaborate ...

Stein, Herbert

(1916-1999) US economist and author, whose conservative-liberal views on markets and governments seem far more centrist than they did in the twentieth century; he is known for an aphorism, "If something cannot go on forever, it will stop," which became something of a mantra for those opposed to governmental "interference" with neoliberal aspirations. He wrote one Near Future sf novel, On the Brink (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1977) with Benjamin Stein, whom see for details. [JC]

Lawrence, C E

(1870-1940) UK editor and author, of whose several novels, most of them fantasy, two are of sf interest: The Trial of Man: An Allegorical Romance (1902) anonymous, a mildly Equipoisal tale whose protagonist travels to the Moon and subsequently to heaven where the Angel Zuron assigns him a new planet where he breeds sinlessly with a new Eve (see Adam and Eve), but then fatally boasts of his virtue; and Mr Ambrose: The Story of a Distinguished Visitor to Clapham and Elsewhere (1922), featuring ...

Oriel, Antrim

Pseudonym of Irish journalist and author William Arthur Moore (1880-1962), his nom de plume being taken from his county of birth. His Near Future Satire, The Miracle (1908), caricatures various politicians, mostly British, as Europe drifts in the direction of another War whose origins – presciently – he places in the geopolitical nightmare of the Balkans. [JC]

Anderson, Maxwell

(1888-1959) US journalist, teacher, screenwriter and playwright, active from around 1910, his first play "White Desert" being performed in 1923; he frequently espoused pacifist arguments in his work, and gained perhaps a reputation for steely intransigence that the plays themselves, which combine the homely and the sonorous (occasionally in blank verse), did not entirely warrant. He wrote the script for one fantasy film, Death Takes a Holiday (1934) directed by Mitchell Leisen, in which the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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