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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Ray, René

Pseudonym of UK actor and author Irene Creese (1911-1993), in whose sf novel, The Strange World of Planet X (1957), romance and a Mad Scientist becomes mixed with the fourth Dimension. It was written to novelize her own television series, The Strange World of Planet X, although there are differences in plot, which differences are replicated in the 1958 film of the same name. Two of her other novels – Wraxton Marne (1946) and Angel Assignment (1988) – are fantasies. Her 1975 marriage ...

Litt, Toby

(1968-    ) UK author, mostly of nonfantastic work, though some of the stories assembled in Adventures in Capitalism (coll 1996) apply metafictional estrangements (see Postmodernism and SF) to a world clearly porous to manipulation (see Media Landscape). Deadkidsongs (2001) similarly presses against thematic material – in this case an anticipated Russian Invasion – in a manner conspicuously close to allegory; and there are fantasy elements in Finding Myself ...

Batman/Tarzan Adventure Hour, The

Animated tv series (1977-1978). Filmation Associates for CBS-TV. Executive Producers: Norm Prescott and Lou Scheimer. Directors, writers unknown. Cast includes Robert Ridgley, Burt Ward and Adam West. Based on characters created by Bob Kane, Edgar Rice Burroughs. Uncertain number of 60-minute episodes. Colour. / The second seasons of both Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle (1976-1978) and The New Batman Adventures (1977) were combined under this title. Both heroes appear in separate 30-minute ...

Abe Kōbō

Working name of Japanese author Kimifusa Abe (1924-1993), active from 1948 to the year of his death; several of his later novels have been translated into English. Known mainly for his work outside the sf field, like Suna no Onna (1962; trans E Dale Saunders as The Woman in the Dunes 1964), he was deeply influenced by Western models from Franz Kafka to Samuel Beckett (1906-1989); the intensely extreme conditions to which he subjects his alienated protagonists allow a dubious sf interpretation ...

Lorrah, Jean

(1940-    ) US academic – professor of English at Murray State University in Kentucky – and author. For the sf reader her writing career has perhaps seemed to lack focus, being broken into three areas of concentration. After fan involvement in the Star Trek Open Universe. beginning with Full Moon Rising (coll 1976 chap) and The Night of the Twin Moons (1976), she began to publish generally available sf with the first of her collaborations with Jacqueline ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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