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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Wellen, Edward

(1919-2011) US author, almost exclusively of short stories, mostly in the mystery genre. His first sf was a "non-fact article", "Origins of Galactic Slang" for Galaxy in July 1952, and was followed by a sequence of similar Galactic Origins spoofs over the following ten years. His actual sf was concise, literate, cynical and frequently anthologized over his forty-year career, and is overdue for collection; Perps (coll 2000) assembles mysteries only. In his only sf novel, Hijack (May 1970 ...


This entry is primarily about human sexual relationships and sexual stereotypes as themes in sf; i.e., it is primarily about Psychology and Sociology. It discusses neither procreation nor the various inventive methods of Alien sexual reproduction devised by sf writers. / Traditionally sf has been a puritanical and male-oriented literature. Before the 1960s there was little sf that consciously investigated sexual questions but, as with all popular literatures, what is implied is often as ...

Shirley, Robert

(?   -    ) US author whose Near Future Satire on American Politics Teenocracy (1969) may miss the mark in assuming that the land will be ruled in 1990 by the eponymous cohort, which has disenfranchised senior citizens. The world of Teenocracy is due to be further transformed by Genetic Engineering, Virtual Reality and the Internet: these projections, whose general drift is towards the co-optation of new generations, give the tale a slender salience. Shirley ...

Galdone, Paul

(1907-1986) American artist, born in Hungary, who moved to the United States at the age of fourteen. At some time he received artistic training at the Art Students' League and the New York School for Industrial Design, but he did not begin working for book publishers until after World War II. While he became best known for his work in children's books, Galdone also worked four years for Doubleday, garnering a few assignments to provide covers for adult books, including C M Kornbluth's The ...

Red Planet

Film (2000). Warner Brothers Pictures presents in association with Village Roadshow Pictures and NPV Entertainment a Mark Canton Production. Directed by Antony Hoffman. Written by Chuck Pfarrer, Jonathan Lemkin. Cast includes Simon Baker, Benjamin Bratt, Val Kilmer, Carrie-Anne Moss, Tom Sizemore and Terence Stamp. 106 minutes. Colour. / Six astronauts are sent to Mars to examine why Terraforming efforts are mysteriously failing. A solar flare causes the mission to go awry, and the five men ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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