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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 25 November 2022
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Pal, George

Adopted name of Hungarian film producer born György Pál Marczincsak (1908-1980), based in the USA since 1940. He is best known for his sf and fantasy films, for which he received a Nebula Special Award in 1976. Trained as an illustrator in Budapest, Pal decided to specialize in animation, and in 1931 moved to Germany, where he worked at the UFA studios. When Hitler came to power Pal went to Paris, where he soon became very successful with a series of ...


Film (2011). Columbia Pictures in association with Relativity Media presents a Working Title/Big Talk production. Directed by Gregg Motola. Written by Frost and Pegg. Cast includes Jason Bateman, Nick Frost, Simon Pegg, Seth Rogen (voice), Sigourney Weaver and Kristen Wiig. 104 minutes. Colour. / Two British sf fans on a US road trip from Comic-Con via the UFO trail pick up a sweary, wisecracking Roswell Alien newly escaped from ...

Angry Red Planet, The

Film (1959; vt Invasion of Mars). American International/Sino Films. Directed by Ib Melchior. Written by Melchior and Sidney W Pink; story by Pink. Cast includes Naura Hayden, Jack Kruschen, Gerald Mohr and Les Tremayne. 83 minutes. Colour. / The first manned expedition to Mars returns to Earth with two crew members dead; a third, Colonel Tom O'Bannion (Mohr) clinging to life while afflicted by a mysterious ailment; and ...

Wilson, H W

(1866-1940) UK journalist and author, a founder of the Navy League, and with one of its members, Arnold Henry White, author of a Future War tale, When War Breaks Out [for subtitle see Checklist below] (1898 chap), which dramatizes the dangers of an unprepared navy [for further details see entry on his collaborator]. [JC]

Mitchell, Karen Anne

Pseudonym of US author Harold Torger Vedeler (1962-    ), of sf interest for two novels in the Vandhaqa sequence: The Usahar (2004) evokes Feminist speculations about Women in SF in its portrayal of the world Vandhaqa, where women are slaves under the thumb of a Robot entity, who is awakened to their plight; and in Finding Words (2009), the freed ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for ...

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