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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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1. Film (1975). United Artists. Directed by Norman Jewison. Written by William Neal Harrison, based on his "Roller Ball Murder" (September 1973 Esquire). Cast includes Maud Adams, John Beck, James Caan and John Houseman. 129 minutes, cut to 125 minutes. Colour. / That one man who stands tall and proud can topple a corrupt system by his example is the moral of this sluggish big-budget movie. In a future run by corporations, ordinary citizens are – implausibly – kept happy by a ...

Sherry, John Filmore

(1866-1894) Australian author of Phosphor: An Ischian Mystery (1888), a Lost Race tale in which a young eccentric, who has tested an antidote for snake venom by injecting himself with Poison and is then buried alive, discovers a world Underground inhabited by phosphorescent anthropoids whose queen boasts a human body and the head of an ape (see Apes as Human), and who decides to breed with the explorer for Eugenic reasons. He poisons her with snake venom and escapes up a volcano. [JC]

Riou, Édouard

(1833-1900) French artist and illustrator, a student of Gustave Doré; he is best known for illustrating several early instalments of Jules Verne's Voyages Extraordinaires sequence, beginning with Five Weeks in a Balloon (1865). His style, with its emphasis on outdoor scenes featuring heavily foregrounded Monsters and other creatures, stands in some contrast to the more intricate work of his main successor, Léon Benett. [JC]

Antill, Keith

(1929-1999) Australian broadcaster and author in whose sf novel, Moon in the Ground (1979), an unpleasant American military intelligence unit battles to extract an Alien AI from Australian territory. The Australians (and the Russians) resist. [JC]

White, Clara E

(1875-1905) UK-born medium and author, in US from an early age; she is of some interest for the Theosophy-tinged The Romance of the Red Star: A Biography of the Earth (1901), which focuses on the early stages of humanity's pre-ordained ascent (see Prehistoric SF). [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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