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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Schochet, Victoria

(1947-    ) US editor, publisher and author, married to Eric Van Lustbader since 1982; subsequently a freelance editor and nonfantastic novelist as Victoria Lustbader. She has worked editorially at Analog (as managing editor), Harper, Putnam, and as senior sf/fantasy editor at the Berkley Publishing Group, where she co-edited all five volumes of the significant Original Anthology The Berkley Showcase (#1 and #2 1980; #3 and #4 1981; #5 1982), the first four with John ...

Solar Wind

This scientific term has found much favour in sf Terminology. The stars constantly emit highly energetic particles as well as, of course, light, which is itself composed of tiny particles, photons (although here the word "particle" has a slightly different meaning). These particles exert a gentle outward pressure (which is why the tail of a Comet always points away from the Sun). A low-mass Spaceship with a huge, incredibly thin sail, perhaps made of aluminium or aluminized plastic film, could ...

Merlin Nostradamus

Pseudonym of Irish author Frances Power Cobbe (1822-1904) for The Age of Science: A Newspaper of the Twentieth Century (1877), a Satire purporting to replicate the New Year's Day issue of a 1977 newspaper (hence Nostradamus in his nom de guerre), which reveals the world of a century hence to have become a Dystopia. Medicine, though much advanced technically, has become a tool for the oppression of women (see Feminism); they are forbidden to read or write, and may be institutionalized for mental ...

Planet 51

Spanish/UK/American animated film (2009). Ilion Animation Studios (Madrid) and HandMade Films. Directed by Jorge Blanco, Javier Abad and Marcos Martinez. Written by Joe Stillman, based on an original idea by Abad, Blanco, Martinez and Ignacio Perez Dolset. Cast includes Dwayne Johnson, Justin Long and Seann William Scott. 86 minutes. Colour. / A Spanish homage to Fifties America with an inverted Invasion in which humans are the Aliens: the Bug-Eyed Monsters of Planet 51 live idyllic lives ...

Ende, Michael

(1929-1995) German theatrical director, actor, playwright and author, son of the Surrealist painter Edgar Ende (1901-1965), whose works were banned by the German government in 1936 for "degeneracy", and who deeply influenced his son. After writing songs and sketches for literary cabarets from about 1955, Ende began to publish work of genre interest with the Jim Knopf sequence – Jim Knopf und Lukas der Lokomotivführer (1960; trans Renata Symonds as Jim Button and Luke the Engine ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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