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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Williams, Heathcote

(1941-2017) UK poet, playwright, actor, political activist and author, initially notable in sf circles for his connections with the 1960s British New Wave, though he did not contribute material to its typical outlets; most of his work was, in fact, technically nonfantastic, though his plays – like his most famous, AC/DC (first performed Royal Court Theatre, London, 1970; in Gambit International Theatre Review, coll 1971) – were often so flamboyantly transgressive that they could be ...

Wooldridge, C W

(1847-1908) UK physician and author, in USA from childhood. In his Near Future Utopia, Perfecting the Earth: A Piece of Possible History (1902), a charismatic figure resembling Theodore Roosevelt begins to transform America by setting the army – idle in 1913 because there are no wars about to happen – to the task of building the West on utopian lines. Their climactic achievement is a utopian City-state in California, which by 1947 features Weather Control, sustainable industries, ...

England Invaded

Film (1909). Warwick Trading Company. Directed and written by Leo Stormont. Story may have been based without credit on Guy du Maurier's An Englishman's Home (performed 27 January 1909; 1909 chap). Cast not given. 10 minutes. Black and white. / Like The Airship Destroyer (1909) directed by Walter R Booth earlier the same year, England Invaded is a very early sf movie and also an early visual presentation of the Future War Invasion story in which England is threatened from somewhere in the ...

White, Jon Manchip

(1924-2013) UK poet, screenwriter and author, in US from 1965; active as a poet from 1943, and in Television and Radio from the late 1940s, working for the BBC (1950-1951) as a story editor and screenwriter; he also acted in a BBC television drama, A Tomb with a View (1950), from the novel by Lance Sieveking. Radio credits include an unsourced adaptation of Journey to the Centre of the Earth (1949 BBC) by Jules Verne, plus an adaptation of The War of the Worlds (1950) by H G Wells. His ...

Brenchley, Chaz

(1959-    ) UK author, most of whose work has been horror mixed with fantasy elements, often grounded with Horror-In-Sf rationales; he also writes as by Daniel Fox and Ben Macallan. His novel Mall Time (1991) set a pattern of complexly told tales whose outcomes – in this case unambiguously, as nine separate characters are exposed to a joint terror at the opening of a shopping mall – guardedly though with streetwise gusto expose an underlying bleakness to the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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