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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Paris, John

Pseudonym of UK diplomat and author Frank Trelawny Arthur Ashton-Gwatkin (1889-1976), who specialized in Japanese affairs through much of his earlier professional career, though the publication of his first novel, Kimono (1921), with its negative assessment of Japanese culture, curtailed his influence in the Far East, though his career advanced in the UK, where he retired as minister of HM diplomatic missions in 1947. The Island Beyond Japan (1929) is a Lost Race tale, somewhat prefiguring ...


Film (1978). New Breed. Directed, produced, written and photographed by Don Coscarelli. Cast includes Michael Baldwin, Reggie Bannister, Angus Scrimm and Bill Thornbury. 90 minutes, cut to 89 minutes. Colour. / At the independent, low-budget, exploitation end of the movie market, small miracles sometimes occur that could not take place inside a major studio. Phantasm is one such, a spirited blend of Horror, surrealism and sf, in which the presumably Alien and possibly supernatural Tall Man ...

Ad Astra

UK magazine, in A4 format, published by Rowlot Ltd, edited by James Manning, 16 issues, bimonthly, October/November 1978 to September/October 1981, only first two issues dated. Its subtitle, "Britain's First ScienceFact/ScienceFiction Magazine", contained the seeds of its eventual demise: Ad Astra attempted to cover too many fields, most in no real depth. The fiction, about two stories an issue – mainly from UK authors, including John Brunner, Garry Kilworth, David Langford and Ian Watson ...

Knapp, James

(1970-    ) US author whose Revivors sequence comprises State of Decay (2010), which won the Compton Crook/Stephen Tall Memorial Award, The Silent Army (2010) and Element Zero (2011). The series is set in a Near Future Dystopian America whose citizens – in order to avoid military service in the unending Wars their country continues to wage, and also to gain sufficient credit to feed their families in a world where Climate Change has finally begun to bite – are ...

Rozanès, Alain P

(?   -    ) Author, possibly French, of an sf novel, The Great Confederation of Argos (trans by Melanie Brown 1996), set in Near Future France when it is discovered that all women, including virgins and those past menopause, have simultaneously become pregnant; the affliction turns out to be worldwide. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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