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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books


Videogame series (from 2002). CyberConnect2 (CC2). Designed by Kazunori Ito, Kōichi Mashimo, Yoshiyuki Sadamoto. / .hack is a transmedia franchise including Videogames, Anime, novels and Comics, all of which are perhaps best viewed as parts of a single work. Its story revolves around a fictional Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game called "The World", which bears a strong resemblance to the fantasy game EverQuest (1999 Verant Interactive, Win; 2003 Mac) designed by Brad ...

Vincent, Harl

Working name of US engineer and author Harold Vincent Schoepflin (1893-1968) for all his fiction, beginning with "The Golden Girl of Munan" in Amazing for June 1928; with the exception of Master of Dreams (1946 chap), little of his shorter work reached book form before the twenty-first century. He was a popular writer in the Pulp magazines of sf's early prime, contributing to the well-known Round-Robin sf story solicited by Fantasy Magazine for its September 1935 issue, "The Challenge from ...

Bradbury, Ray

(1920-2012) US screenwriter, poet and author; in 1934 his father, a power lineman who was having trouble gaining employment in Michigan during the Depression, moved with the family to Los Angeles; memories and images of southern California would be central to Bradbury's work, though the small-town Midwest always remained important in his stories. Bradbury discovered sf Fandom in 1937, meeting Ray Harryhausen, Forrest J Ackerman and Henry Kuttner, and began publishing his Fanzine Futuria ...

Rubinstein, Paul

(1935-    ) Polish-born author, in US from before World War Two, son of the pianist Arthur Rubinstein (1887-1982); author mostly of cookbooks, though The Petrodollar Takeover (1975) with Peter Tanous is of sf interest as a Near Future tale in which Saudi Arabia attempts to stabilize its precarious relationship with Iran by buying stock in General Motors. [JC]

McCarthy, Helen

(1951-    ) UK author, critic and scholar of Manga and Anime; involved since the 1970s with UK Fandom and active since 1981 as a commentator on Japanese popular culture. She co-founded and edited the London-based magazine Anime UK (1991-1996; retitled Anime FX in 1995). Her nonfiction works include most importantly The Anime Encyclopedia (2001; exp 2006; exp 2015) with Jonathan Clements. Also of note are her studies of Hayao Miyazaki in Hayao Miyazaki: Master of Japanese ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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