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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Ballinger, William S

(1912-1980) US screenwriter (10 scripts between 1954 and 1974) and author who has also signed his books Bill S Ballinger (but who should not be confused with W A Ballinger, a House Name used by W Howard Baker and Wilfred McNeilly); he also published books as by Frederic Freyer and B X Sanborn. His work in radio, film and television was relatively successful (he won an Edgar Award in 1960, and he wrote "Firefall", a 1974 episode for the television series Kolchak: The Night Stalker), and he was ...


Japanese animated tv series (2020). Based on the Manga by Q Hayashida. MAPPA. Directed by Yuichiro Hayashi. Written by Hiroshi Seko. Voice cast includes Kenyuu Horiuchi, Yoshimasa Hosoya, Mitsuhiro Ichiki, Yuu Kobayashi, Reina Kondo, Wataru Takagi, Kengo Takanashi and Miyu Tomita. Twelve 24-minute episodes plus six OVA shorts. / The run-down industrial City called The Hole (seemingly a Pocket Universe) is beset with sorcerers from another Dimension who use the human inhabitants as ...

Ballou, William Hosea

(1857-1937) US author of several mild satires about social life in the American upper classes. His three novels of some genre interest are A Ride on a Cyclone (1889); The Bachelor Girl: A Novel of the 1400 (1890), which features a very fast motorized Balloon plus a romance; and The Upper Ten: A Novel of the Snobocracy (1890), in which a submarine Lost Race of mermen (see Under the Sea) threatens the world above. [JC]

Trenholm, Hayden

(circa 1955-    ) Canadian teacher, publisher, playwright and author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Red Tide" (in Tesseracts6, anth 1997, edited by Carolyn Clink and Robert J Sawyer); he won Aurora Awards (see Awards) for "Like Water in the Desert" (August 2007 Challenging Destiny) and for "The Burden of Fire" (June 2010 Neo-Opsus Science Fiction Magazine). His first novel, the Near Future A Circle of Birds (1993 chap), is a meditation on loss and Amnesia ...

Cowling, Ruby

(?   -    ) UK academic and author whose first decade of stories – most of interest as Fantastika, all unfailingly adventurous – have been assembled as This Paradise (coll 2019); most of her work is set in a surveillance-soaked Paranoia-inducing very Near Future rather similar to that found in several of the episodes of the Television anthology series Black Mirror (2011-2019). On the Caribbean island described as "This Paradise", a twenty-nine year ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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