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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Farningham, Marianne

Pseudonym of UK author Marianne Hearn (1834-1909), most of whose work was on religious themes; her sf novel, Nineteen Hundred?: A Forecast and a Story (1892), sets pious speculations of the role of Religion into a Near Future Britain, where Christians defeat anarchism by their good example. [JC]


Russian sf can trace its ancestry back to the eighteenth century, most of the earliest examples being Utopias. Prince Mikhail Shcherbatov's Puteshestvie v zemlyu Ofirskuyu ["Journey to the Land of Ophir"] (written circa 1785; 1896) embodies the political and social reforms espoused by the liberal and progressive elements of Catherine the Great's aristocracy. The technological prophecies of "4338 i-god" (1840; trans as "The Year 4338" in Pre-Revolutionary Russian Science Fiction, anth 1982, ed ...

Rice, Elmer

First the pseudonym, then the legal name of US playwright and author born Elmer Leopold Reizenstein (1892-1967), active from around 1914. Of his plays, The Adding Machine: A Play in Seven Scenes (performed 1923; 1923) follows its protagonist, Mr Zero, from suicide into heaven – which he despises because it is full of indecent creatures like Rabelais and Jonathan Swift – and back to Earth, where he is transformed into the work-slave designated by the title. A Voyage to Purilia (12 ...

Dan, Uri

(1937-2006) Israeli photographer, journalist and author, long identified as an advocate of Ariel Sharon's understanding of the Middle East nightmare; his Ultimatum: Pu 94 (1977) with Peter Mann is a Technothriller set in his home territories. [JC]

Hillgarth, Alan

(1899-1978) UK soldier, intelligence officer – rising in that capacity to Chief of British Naval Intelligence, Eastern Theatre – and author, whose fifth novel, The Black Mountain (1933), is a Near Future tale of revolution and politics in Bolivia, with a Lost Race element conveyed through the charismatic young protagonist's mysterious teacher, perhaps a Secret Master representing the long-hidden line of true Indian civilization in South America. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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