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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Bull, Reina M

(1924-2000) UK artist and book/magazine illustrator whose works were variously signed Sington (her birth surname), Reina, Janine, and RMB. Under the last byline she produced all of her sf work, which comprised four memorable covers in 1951 and 1952, two apiece for Science Fantasy and New Worlds; aside from being stylistically very different from the standard fare of the time, these covers carried a sexual charge that went well beyond their subject matter – scantily clad women in ...

Neufeld, John

(1938-2021) US author, mostly for Young Adult readers, beginning with Edgar Allan (1968). He is of sf interest for Sleep, Two, Three, Four! (1971), a highly politicized Near Future Dystopia dominated by "Nixon and Company", and featuring the attempts of a group of teenagers to transcend their conditioning – the model of George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is present throughout – and to rescue a friend from a detention centre. [JC]

Sykes, A L

(?   -?   ) US author of a Near Future adventure, Banduk Jaldi Banduk! (Quick My Rifle!) (1907; vt The Countersign: A Story of Tibet 1909) with Claude P Jones, whose American-born heroine, believing herself to reincarnate Kubla Khan (see Reincarnation), frees Tibet from China with the help of an amorous American who arrives by Balloon. [JC]

Alien Critic, The

US Fanzine edited from Portland, Oregon, by Richard E Geis. For its first three issues, The Alien Critic was an informal magazine written entirely by the editor and titled Richard E. Geis. With the title-change in 1973, the magazine's contents began to diversify, featuring regular columns by John Brunner and Ted White as well as a variety of articles and a series of interviews with sf authors and artists, although its characteristic flavour still derived from the editor's own outspoken reviews ...

Park, Severna

Pseudonym of US author Suzanne Feldman (1958-    ), whose sf conveys without resorting to formal arguments a sustained Feminist apprehension of the world, within the frame of complex Space Opera and Planetary Romances narratives, though some clarity is sacrificed in the oblique conveying of Gender issues through ornate, indeed operatic manipulations of body and psychological Identity. The Speaking Dreams sequence, comprising Speaking Dreams (1992) and Hand of Prophecy ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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