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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Continuous Creation

Now relegated to Imaginary Science, this was an essential axiom of the Steady State Universe Cosmology which was proposed in 1948 by Hermann Bondi, Thomas Gold and Fred Hoyle but increasingly superseded by the rival Big Bang theory (see George Gamow) since the late 1960s. The notion of an expanding yet essentially unchanging universe required the spontaneous creation of new atoms – hydrogen isotopes and other light elements – in tiny but cosmically significant quantities. E E Smith ...

Phoenix: Space Chapter, The

Japanese Original Video Animation (OVA) (1987; original title Hi no tori: Uchū-hen). Madhouse, Tezuka Productions. Based on the Manga by Osamu Tezuka. Directed by Yoshiaki Kawajiri. Written by Hideo Takayashiki and Tomoko Konparu. Voice cast includes Tesshō Genda, Masako Ikeda, Akira Kamiya, Keiko Toda and Mori Katsuyuki Yuu. 48 minutes. Colour. / In 2557 four Spaceship crew members are woken from Suspended Animation when their ship is hit by a meteorite; they wonder why the ...

Battle of the Planets

Animated tv series (1978-1980). Sandy Frank Entertainment. Syndicated. Produced by Alan Dinehart, David E Hanson. Directors included Dinehart and Hanson. Writers included Peter Germano, Howard Post and Harry Winkler among many others. Animation designers included Alex Toth (see Space Ghost). Cast includes Casey Casem, Alan Oppenheimer, Ronnie Schell, Janet Waldo and Alan Young. 85 30-minute episodes. Colour. / Some time in the future, a group of Superheroes called G-Force – led by ...

Garlick, Nicholas

(?   -    ) UK author – using his real name, not a pseudonym derived from the Catholic recusant and martyr of that name (circa 1555-1588) – of one sf novel, California Dreaming (1981), for Robert Hale Limited, in which Drugs are able, at least in California, to make thoughts real. [JC]

Freedman, Mitchell J

(1957-    ) US lawyer and author whose Alternate History novel, A Disturbance of Fate (2003), rewrites American history from 1968, the Jonbar Point being the foiling of Sirhan Sirhan's attempt to assassinate Robert F Kennedy, who becomes president (defeating Richard Nixon), ends the Vietnam War, resolves tensions between America and the USSR, and is re-elected. The book is immensely – perhaps excessively – detailed in its depiction of the Utopian world ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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