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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Vale, Rena

(1898-1983) US scriptwriter, investigator for the California State Assembly Committee on Un-American Activities, and author who began publishing sf with the novella The Shining City (May 1952 Science Fiction Quarterly; 2012 dos), and with her first novel, The Red Court [for subtitle see Checklist] (1952), whose negative analysis of Communism and its planned takeover of America – including the use of fluoridation to tame recalcitrant populations (see Paranoia) – ventures into the ...

Adrian, Chris

(1970-    ) US medical doctor and author who began publishing short fiction in 1997, some of it of interest as demonstrations of his instinct for Equipoise; much of this material has been assembled as A Better Angel: Stories (coll 2008). His first novel, Gob's Grief (2000), similarly shifts among genres; set during the American Civil War, it follow's its protagonist's search for his dead identical twin – he is one of several characters who become too intimate with ...

Zemeckis, Robert

(1952-    ) US filmmaker whose early career as director and screenwriter was nurtured by Steven Spielberg through a series of flops until the success of Romancing the Stone (1984) enabled him to make his pet Time Travel project Back to the Future (1985). Besides that film's back-to-back sequels, his other major sf credit as director is Contact (1997), which won a Hugo for best dramatic presentation. He produced Mars Needs Moms (2011), was an executive producer for Real Steel ...

Bellamy, Edward

(1850-1898) US author and journalist, the latter from 1871, when he abandoned the practice of law before having properly begun it; no lawyers exist in the 2000 CE of his most famous work, the Utopia Looking Backward 2000-1887 (1888) and its sequel, Equality (1897), whose influence in the nineteenth century was enormous. His early works of fiction were Gothic; sentimental and labouredly influenced by Nathaniel Hawthorne, they are nevertheless strangely moving, though Miss Ludington's Sister: A ...

Brenton, Howard

(1942-    ) UK screenwriter and playwright, active from the late 1960s, his dramas often being Satires focused on social, economic and political issues in the UK, frequently conveyed through estranged pantomime routines as evolved from Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956), some of whose plays he has adapted for British performance. Singletons of sf interest include The Churchill Play: As it will be Performed in the Winter of 1984 by the Internees of Churchill Camp Somewhere in England ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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